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 Research | Napoleonic Cugnac Campaign of the Army of the Reserve in 1800 English Part 1 Chapter 7

CAMPAIGN
OF
THE ARMY OF THE RESERVE
IN 1800

(FIRST PART)
CHAPTER VII
STATION ON THE EDGES OF LAKE GENEVA

Reconnaissance of the Great Saint Bernard. – The First Consul in Geneva. – New organization of the army. – Reinforcement of the advance guard. – Constitution of artillery, the crews, the provisioning.

The First Consul arrives to Geneva 9th May.

Watrin's division is confined at the entry of the Valais Alps, between Villeneuve and Saint-Maurice, with two marches of the Great Saint Bernard. The remainder of the infantry of the army is spread out on northern bank of Lake Geneva, over a 90 kilometers length. But the artillery did not join, the crews could not be made up, the provisioning are not joined together.

Moreover, Chabran's division is far from being able to emerge in the valley of Aoste. The detachment from 12 to 1500 men, under command of Colonel Miguel, is alone in Moutiers. The large one, three demi-brigades, under the command of General Seriziat, arrives to Geneva 9th May: it will be able to reach the Little Saint Bernard only 16th.

Force is thus to wait to enter to Italy. Of the 9th to the 13th May, the advance guard concentrates in Martigny, taking five days to traverse of 19 to 48 kilometers, and the large one of the army makes only unimportant movements.

***

Order of the day of the 18th to the 19th of the aforesaid.

Geneva, 18th floréal year 8 (May 8, 1800).

The Army of the Reserve is prevented that that of the Rhine has just gained a complete victory over the enemy, to which one killed one wounded 10,000 men, makes 7,000 prisoners, taken 9 the immense pieces of artillery and magazines which were in Stockach. A column of the Austrian army was driven back on the Lake Constance; in this moment, it must be entirely destroyed.

Mont Blanc and the Valais Alps will belong to the district of the Army of the Reserve and will be under command of the general-in-chief of this army (1).

It is expressly recommended to the generals, senior officers and different, to take care that the weapons are preserved, awaited the difficulty in replacing those which would be lost; they will give the same attention for the conservation of the cartridges.

The director as a commander will return account to the general-in-chief in the way in which it organized the service of divisions; he will send a list of names of it to the general chief of staff (2).

The commanding general the artillery of the army and that commanding the engineers will also send to the general chief of staff the list of names of the officers whom they have attachés with the service of each division.

The army will enter to campaign, each one must be with its post. The major generals will be ensured, by themselves, in the way in which the administrative service will be organized and will give an account of it to the general-in-chief (3).

The adjutant generals commanders of staff of divisions will not lose sight of the fact that their functions are to supervise all the administrative services (4), as well as the execution of the orders relating to the military cantonments, bivouacs, marches and other provisions.

The Major general, general chief of staff,

DUPONT.

Alex. Berthier, general-in-chief of the Army of the Reserve, with the general chief of staff.

Geneva, 18th floréal year 8 (May 5, 1800).

You will give me, at 4 a.m., a state of all the troops of the army, infantry and horsemen, and a state of the cantonments which they all will occupy, tomorrow 19, morning (5).

You will put at a column observation those which would not be yet with their destination according to the orders that they can have (6).

Alex. BERTHIER.

Alex. Berthier, general-in-chief of the Army of the Reserve, with the chief of staff.

Geneva, 18th floréal year 8 (May 8, 1800).

Give the order to General Vaufreland to leave at once to go in post to the Simplon, to command, take note there of the room and troops which are there (7).

It would be necessary that it was returned there tomorrow and that at once that he will have taken the intelligence necessary, he sends the intelligence, that he will have acquired, in double, with me and the First Consul, which will be in Lausanne.

I believe that General Vaufreland is the only General available who remains here.

Alex. BERTHIER.

***

General Marescot, with the Questel citizen, commander of the 2nd batallion of sappers.

17th floréal year 8 (May 7, 1800) (8).

I request from you, my dear comrade, to make at once leave 80 sappers (9), whom commanded by a captain and a lieutenant. They will go successively from Geneva to Saint-Maurice and the Great Mount Saint Bernard. Their mission is to visit and consolidate the bridges which will be on this road, from Saint-Maurice to the Great Mount Saint Bernard.

I send citizen Duchêne, civil engineer, to direct this work. The commander of the detachment will act in concert with him for this important work which requires greatest celerity; they will require in the country the workmen, tools and materials which they will need.

Salute and fraternity.

MARESCOT.

Notes on the passage of the Great Mount Saint Bernard, by General Marescot (10).

Geneva, 18th floréal year 8 (May 8, 1800).

One goes from Geneva to Saint-Maurice by two ways, one by right bank and the other by left bank of the Rhone and Lake Geneva.

The way by right bank is a very beautiful, practicable main road for the transports and artillery of any gauge. Only, of Lausanne with Vevey, the way strong is tightened and very montueux, and it would be necessary, for the safety of cartages, to hold to with it of the post horses.

The way on left bank, by Thonon and Evian, is not very easy; it is practicable only for the infantry; but it shortens of 5 or 6 miles, it està-statement of a march. A civil engineer will leave today for the reconnoiter.

Of Saint-Maurice with Martigny (or Martignach), the way is practicable for the infantry, the cavalry and cartages.

De Martigny with Saint-Pierre (or Saint-Pétersbourg), the way is practicable for the light infantry, cavalry, transports and artillery of small gauge.

Of Saint-Pierre to the pass of the Great Saint Bernard and beyond that, the way is more practicable only for people of foot only, the mules and the cavalry; and still, it is circumstances where this passage is accompanied by the greatest difficulties.

In addition to the way from which I come to speak and who passes by the valley of Entremont, there exist two other passages, who also arrives in the valley of Aoste, while turning the Great Mount Saint Bernard.

The first leaves the valley of Entremont with Saint-Branchier, follows the valley of Bagne and will fall into the valley from Aoste, low than Saint-Remy.

The second leaves the valley of Entremont with Orsières, follows the valley of the pass Ferret, and, above the village of the same name, it is divided into two branches, of which that of left turns the Great Saint Bernard and will fall to Saint-Remy.

The branch of right-hand side will join, by Courmayeur, the main road of the Small Saint-Bernard with Aoste.

These two passages are practicable only for people of foot, and still the inhabitants ensured me that they were prohibited by snows until towards the end of messidor (11).

There are still two small passages, which, of the hamlet of Proz, to one mile and half of the hospice of Saint-Bernard, lead in the valley of Aoste, below Saint-Remy: one passes by the throat of Barbasson; the other on the glaciers of Menouve; but these two passages are even more difficult than the two precedents.

Here the table of the three principal passages of the Mount Saint Bernard (12):

Table of the three passages of the pass of the Great Mount Saint Bernard.

Valors d'Entremont.
Population. Fires. Names of the places Distances.
1500 500 De Martigny:
180 80 in Saint-Branchier 2 miles.
300 in Orsières 1
250 in Liddes 1 1/4
80 in the Bourg-Saint-Pierre 1 1/4
at the hospice Saint-Bernard 1 miles.
260 in Saint-Remy 2
360 in Saint-Oyen 3/4
in Étroubles 1/4
300 in Gignod 2 miles.
in Aoste 1
Val de Bagne.
De Saint-Branchier:
in Bagne 1 mile.
in Verségère 1/2
in Champsec 1/2
in Lourtier 1/2
in Pont-de-Monvoisin 2 miles.
in Fenêtre 3
in Ollomont 2
in Valpelline 2
1500 500 in Aoste 2 1/2
Valors Ferret.
80 De Saint-Branchier:
300 in Orsières 1 mile.
at the top of the Pros 1/2
in Issert 1 mile.
with the Praz-de-Fort 1/2
in Folie 1 mile.
with the chapelle Ferret 1
in Peulaz 3
in Courmayeur 4
in Morgex 1
with the La Salle 1
in Aoste 4

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St Bernard Position

Passage of the Great Saint Bernard.

To carry out this difficult passage, several essential precautions should be taken.

The troops will have to be preceded by peasants and sappers to prepare the way which runs in snow, with one mile and half in on this side pass and as much beyond that.

It is necessary to especially try to guarantee avalanches, of which the fall is able to absorb several batallions; and, to reach that point, there will be care to avoid passing during a rainy weather or after large rains. The most favorable moment to carry out the passage is the night, when it makes moonlight, or the morning, until towards midday, before the sun did not soften the surface of snow.

People of the country ensure that the lightest movement, the step of the men, of the animals, that the voice even is enough to decide the fall of an avalanche.

If one passes by a doubtful time, it would be perhaps advisable to draw some rounds from gun while entering the area of snows, in order to decide in advance, by the explosion of artillery, the crumbling of the avalanches which would be ready to shake.

The transport of the food and the ammunition of war can be made only with back mules, or by peasants whom commanded in advance, who would carry them in hoods.

I think that the best manner of transporting the objects of a great weight, like the guns, the howitzers, the mountings, front-axle units, etc, etc, would be to charge them on species of litters, made up of two long stretchers assembled by two or three spacers. Two mules or two horses would carry these simple machines, of which it would be easy to manufacture in little time a great quantity. It is in this manner that people of the country transport, by parts, the dismounted transports of the travellers which pass from France to Italy, or of Italy in France.

One will not have to forget to provide itself with vinegar or brandy to correct the bad quality of water of snow, which would infallibly give diseases to the soldiers.

It will be necessary to severely recommend to the commanders of corps to maintain the greatest order in the march, because, in such a difficult passage, if it is established some confusion, it is not easy any more to cure it.

Such are the precautions that I advise to take, in order to pass the Mount Saint Bernard as fortunately as passed it last year, about at the same time, the French Army which went to Italy (13).

Defensive means of the enemy.

According to the intelligence taken by General Mainoni (14), the enemy inclusively has 10,000 troops from the Levantine to the valley of Aoste. These corps are commanded by General Vukassovich, Dédovich, Rohan, Laudon el Depré.

It made entrenchments with Courmayeur, on the right and on the left of Fort Bard, in Maggendone, in Ornavasso, where are magazines.

On the passage of the Saint-Bernard, there are 40 men with Saint-Remy, 1, company with Etroubles and 2 companies with Aoste. There is also some cavalry. The whole rises, at most, with 1500 men.

On the passage of the valley of Entremont, our outposts are with a quarter of mile beyond the hospice of Saint-Bernard; those of the enemy are in Saint-Remy.

In the valley of Bagne, our outposts are with the bridge of Monvoisin; those of the enemy are in Ollomont.

In the valley Tag, our outposts are with the chapelle Ferret and those of the enemy to the La Salle.

According to the report of General Herbin (15), which was in the Fort Bard, it appears that this strength, which intercepts the main road of Aoste with Yvrée, is able to receive 3 or 400 men of garrison and has too high coatings in masonry to be able to try the climbing. This strength small being turned by the infantry and approached easily; but it appears that the purpose of the entrenchments raised by the Austrians, in his vicinity, are to correct these defects.

Geneva, 18th floréal year 8 (May 8, 1800).

MARESCOT,
officer of the engineers (16).

Note on the way of Geneva to the Great Saint Bernard (17).

May 8, 1800.

From Geneva with Martigny, by the line of the lake, there is no difficulty for the communications of any species.

One mile before Martigny, after having passed Pissevache, one finds a small vault on the right road. Before the bridge a way is which goes in the mountain and which emerges in Italy, between the two Saint-Bernard. (This passage will be practicable only after the snow melt.)

After having passed Martigny, is Bourg de Martigny, with a quarter of mile and opposite which another outlet is, which deserves the same considerations as the precedent.

De Martigny with Saint-Branchier, 2 miles, fast and difficult way for the transports.

A little after Saint-Branchier is the village of Orsières, with beyond which is the valley Ferrez or Tag, which turns the Saint-Bernard on the right and emerges in the valley of Aoste.

A little more far from the first valley is another outlet, on the left, in the valley of Aoste.

D' Orsières with Liddes, 1 mile; the way becomes even more difficult. (See the priest.)

De Liddes with Saint-Pierre, a small mile; way a little better than the precedent.

Of Saint-Pierre to the Saint-Bernard, 3 miles, whose first is a fast slope; then, a mile of good way; the last mile, painful.

Since Saint-Pierre, the gun can be assembled only with many difficulties and while being useful of sledges.

From Saint-Pierre to the end of the mountain, all is still covered with snow. It is said that the too great noise, while shouting, makes fall the avalanches; it would be advisable to fire the gun to decide the crumbling of snows.

After the convent Mount-Jupiter is, to the foot of which the road passes.

FOOT-NOTE. – The enemy outposts are in Saint-Remy, 2 miles and half about of the convent (18).

***

The major general F. Watrin, with the general-in-chief Alexandre Berthier, Geneva.

Lausanne, 18th floréal year 8 (May 8, 1800), 5 hours of the morning.

My General,

I have just received almost at the same time your two letters of the 17th. I made pass from continuation those for General Mainoni.

The 6th light will occupy the Saint-Bernard, the pass Ferret and the valley of Bagne, which the batallion of the 44th occupied. The remainder of these corps will remain in Martigny, the 22nd with Saint-Maurice and the 40th with Bex, Aigle and Villeneuve, where I will be established (19). Your intention being that we tighten ourselves, I leave Vevey and surroundings for Boudet's division.

I will be besides in same in Villeneuve to inform you of the prompt arrival of our subsistence and to press their departure for Saint-Pierre. I await the shoes with good of impatience. You know better than me, my General, than a moment ago to lose to attack, in order to deliver General Masséna. Our administrators owe all us hurry on harms and day. I make make sledges with Martigny to pass my artillery.

Salute and respect.

F. WATRIN.

Mériage, adjutant general, commander of staff of Loison's division, with Major General Dupont, general chief of staff, with. Geneva.

Nyon, 18th floréal year 8 (May 8, 1800).

General,

I have the honor to give an account of my arrival to you, yesterday, in Nyon, with General Gobert. We found the General Loison (20) here.

The 58th demi-brigade is arrival yesterday and will occupy today Rolle and Aubonne, for, from there, to go where it will be ordered to him.

Today arrives the 60th, the 2nd batallion of 13th (21) and approximately 400 conscripts of the 58th. The latter were equipped in Dijon, but not armed; they need weapons.

I am unaware of the march of the conscripts of the 60th and the two other batallions of 13th, which must follow (22).

I at once request from these corps financial statements, those of the armament, ammunition of war, and cans, mess tins and pots necessary. I will send to you, Général, these various states as they will be given to me, so that it is provided with following the needs for the troops, to put them in a position to enter to campaign.

The force of the 58th is approximately 1800 men the present, nonincluded conscripts awaited today.

That of the 60th is of 1800 men also, nonincluded the awaited conscripts of Dijon.

I am unaware of that of the 13.

Tomorrow, you will have an exact situation.

Salute and respect.

MÉRIAGE.

P.S. – We do not have here of payer; I request from you, Général, to say itself if division will receive the pay.

General Broussier will arrive today with the 60th.

***

The First Consul, with the Consuls (23).

Geneva, 19th floréal year 8 (May 9, 1800).

I dispatched you, citizen Consuls, a courier of Dijon.

I passed to Dijon the review conscripts and from a demi-brigade which is formed.

I arrived yesterday to midnight (24) to Geneva. All the army is moving and in the best possible order.

I receive at the moment your courier of the 16th. I see with pleasure that Paris is quiet. With the remainder, I still recommend it to you, strike the first vigorously, whatever it is, which would deviate from the line. It is the will of the whole nation.

I will not paint you what I tested while crossing France. If I had not often changed a road, I would not have arrived eight days.

I will dispatch you the every day a courier. Send to me the million that you announce to me.

All is perfectly well.

BONAPARTE.

The First Consul, with the Maret citizen, Secretary of State.

Geneva, 19th floréal year 8 (May 9, 1800).

I thank you, citizen, of the bulletin that you sent to me. I was strong content with the town of Dijon. It appears to to me that one was also strong content with the Army of the Reserve there.

The demi-brigades which had left Paris had made some excesses and had raised some clouds. I wish that you make known good control that they held. Everywhere, I had to rent me troops (25).

BONAPARTE.

The First Consul, with the Lacuée citizen, adviser of State (charged by interim of the wallet of the Minister of the war).

Geneva, 19th floréal year 8 (May 9, 1800).

I found the army, citizen, in rather good state.

The conscripts who will arrive to Dijon will need clothes; one would need 20 or 25,000 of them.

We need artillery horses. Hold the hand so that all those which are in the West and in Versailles direct in all diligence, off at once, on Auxonne, but harnessed.

There are, in Lyon, 700 draft horses which miss drivers and harness. It would be essential to form in Lyon a batallion of train, which could, partly, made up being scattered drivers in the 7th division. It would also be necessary to take measures for the harnessing of these horses (26).

BONAPARTE.

Decree.

Geneva, 19th floréal year 8 (May 9, 1800).

Art 1st. – Each master of post of the direction of Auxonne in Geneva, road of Poligny, is held to get 32 horses for the extraordinary service of artillery of the Army of the Reserve.

Art 2. – 10 convoys, each one composed of 9 to 10 transports, will follow one another immediately, at eight hours of interval and the distance of 6 miles one of the other.

Art 3. – Each convoy will have an artillery officer of the train, which will pay the expenses of post in accordance with the ordinance.

Art 4. – The prefects of the departments of the Jura and Léman, the artillery General of the Army of the Reserve and the Pflieger citizen, inspector of the posts, are charged, each one in what relates to it, of the execution of this decree (27).

BONAPARTE.

Decree.

Geneva, 19th floréal year 8 (May 9, 1800).

Art 1st. – Each master of post of the direction from Grenoble in Geneva is held to get 45 horses for the extraordinary service of artillery of the Army of the Reserve.
….
…. (28).

BONAPARTE.

Order of the day.

Geneva, 19th floréal year 8 (May 9, 1800).

The army is prevented arrival of the Bonaparte First Consul to the headquarters.

The major generals will send, without delay, with the headquarters, the exact state of the men present under arms, in each corps, and combatants.

It will have passed, at the first day, a general review by the general-in-chief; the major generals and of brigade will make all the provisions which relate to them so that all the troops are in the best order of possible war.

The Major general, general chief of staff,

DUPONT.

Alex. Berthier, general-in-chief of the Army of the Reserve, with the general chief of staff.

Geneva, 19th floréal year 8 (May 9, 1800).

You will give the order to General Duhesme to leave tomorrow to go to Lausanne where it will take temporarily the command of Boudet's division and Watrin (29); you will prevent these generals of them.

You will give the order that 21st, in 3 a.m., after midday two divisions are joined together around Lausanne, in the location which could be recognized, in order to pass the review of the general-in-chief (30).

You will give the order to General Victor to leave tomorrow morning to go to Morges. It will have temporarily the command of the Chambarlhac's division and that of General Chabran, when it is joined together with the army, as well as Italians under command of General Lechi (31).

You will order that 21st, at 11 a.m., the three demi-brigades of Chambarlhac's division take the weapons in the ground which will be recognized to pass the review of the general-in-chief, close to Morges.

Alex. BERTHIER.

General Dupont will want to make well leave this night a courier the post to franc clamp to carry the various packages included here to Dôle and Lons-the-Salt maker and other places on the same road. The orders which they contain are very in a hurry (32).

Alex. BERTHIER.

Dupont, major general, chief of staff of the Army of the Reserve, with the General lieutenant Moncey.

Geneva, 19th floréal year 8 (May 9, 1800).

I warn you, citizen General, that the intention of the First Consul is that the 14th regiment of cavalry is employed with the Army of the Reserve. The command of these corps has orders to put 200 men in campaign at the 1st prairial one. The general-in-chief Berthier wishes that, in the number of the troops which you must carry to the Simplon, you comprehended the 44th demi-brigade in entirety.

I greet you, citizen General,

DUPONT.

I received, my dear Général, your letter by Gaspard, for which I obtained helps.

The First Consul arrived here this morning. We precipitate our movement (33). The headquarters leave tomorrow for Lausanne. Successes of the Army of the Rhine enable us to take again our vast and bold plan of campaign. Masséna will certainly hold in Genoa until it is helped. We have its news of the 7th (34).

You know all my quite affectionate feelings for you. I kiss you.

DUPONT.

The General as a commander, with General Dupont.

Geneva, 19th floréal year 8 (May 9, 1800),

Order that the column arrival with General Seriziat is very confined in the day in Geneva (35).

That the clothes which follow them are also distributed in 1a day.

Tomorrow, at 7 o'clock in the morning, you will pass the review of this column and you will make him distribute the weapons which it strongly needs.

You will also ensure the essential need that it has shoes.

That the quatermasters give me this evening the situation of the batallions under the report of the pay.

Order with General Boudet the stops for two hours to have allowed itself to change its headquarters without order of the general staff (36).

It is necessary that the column of General Seriziat either lends to leave tomorrow towards midday if it receives the order from it.

See the director so that it does not miss anything.

Alex. BERTHIER.

Boinod, inspector with the reviews, the general-in-chief Berthier, headquarters in Geneva.

Lausanne, 19th floréal year 8 (May 9, 1800).

Citizen General,

To haul warned us. He gave yesterday 15,000 francs to the Dalbon director for the department of transport to rent. He gives me a credit on Vevey and its purse offers where necessary to me.

The room of administration of Léman is committed making pour 3,000 quintals of hay with Morges and 2,000 in Vevey, to start of tomorrow, to supplement, under three to four days, the totality of the payment.

It charge of handling and distribution; the proposal that I made some to him was received with pleasure. One fears more, in this country, the French agents that the requisition itself.

The army and the country would be better if all the services were made by the care of the administration; while paying sometimes, it would have credit, and one would not pay that the really made supplies.

I believed necessary to draw up a magazine with Morges, where there is not; the cavalry and transport can easily make this day. That of Morges with Vevey is 2 miles less strong (37). One will gain by there a day of march and a distribution.

Fodder is not ensured Vevey yet; it is the municipality which provides from day to day. I will send in Freiburg to try to make make prompt and abundant payments (38).

It appeared here an agent of the administration of fodder; it passed from the markets; if they are carried out, they will be used for Rolle and Lausanne.

The country cannot provide oats; it is necessary to provide for it with our means.

I leave at once for Villeneuve. Please warn the director as a commander of the provisions which I have captures.

Salute and respect.

BOINOD.

P.S. – I receive in this moment the letter included here of the administrative room.

If the quantity of hay that I asked is not enough, the administration will be able to compensate for it. It left the best will; but especially not of French guard-magazine.

Order of the 19th floréal, in Lausanne, to be presented where necessary:

Boinod, inspector with the reviews, in charge of particular mission of the general-in-chief Berthier, made defense with any agent, administrator or guard-magazine French, to involve itself in any manner in the extraordinary service of fodder, which must be made in Morges and Vevey, by the care of the administrative room of the canton of Léman, for the passage of the cavalry and transport. Those which will contravene the present order will be translated in front of a military tribunal.

***

The First Consul, with General Suchet, lieutenant of the general-in-chief of the Army of Italy.

Geneva, 20th floréal year 8 (May 10, 1800).

I arrived, citizen General, yesterday in Geneva. I hasten to make known to you that the army is moving, that, in the next decade, it will be in the heart of Italy.

13th, there was with the Army of the Rhine a battle where we made 7,000 prisoners. 15th, it y have had one second. The enemy is in full rout.

Make known this news with General Masséna, without writing to him, but by dispatching officers to him.

BONAPARTE.

Alex. Berthier, general-in-chief of the Army of the Reserve, with General Dupont.

Geneva, 20th floréal year 8 (May 10, 1800).

The army, citizen General, will be organized as it follows (39):

General Lannes, commanding the advance guard, will have with its orders, it is:

1. the brigadier general Mainoni;

  • 28th of line demi-brigade;
  • 1 batallion of the 44th demi-brigade (40);
  • 1 Swiss batallion;
  • 1 Italian batallion (41);

2. the General of Watrin's division;

  • 6th light demi-brigade;
  • of line 22nd;
  • of line 40th;

3. the brigadier general Rivaud;

  • 12th regiment of hussars;
  • 21st of chasseurs;

4. Artillery;

  • Four pieces of 4;
  • Two pieces of 8;
  • Two howitzers;
  • Four pieces of 4 Genevese;
  • Six small pieces of 2 which are to the Saint-Bernard (42).

General Duhesme will command Loison's division and Boudet, it is:

Loison's division:

  • 13th light demi-brigade;
  • 58th of line;
  • 60th of line;
  • 1 squadron of 15th of chasseurs;

Artillery:

  • Two pieces of 4;
  • Four pieces of 8;
  • Two howitzers;

Boudet's division:

  • 9th light;
  • of line 30th;
  • of line 59th;
  • 1 squadron of 15th of chasseurs;

Artillery (43):

  • Two pieces of 4;
  • Four pieces of 8;
  • Two howitzers.

General Victor will command, it is:

The division under command of the Chambarlhac General;

  • 24th light;
  • of line 43rd;
  • of line 96th;
  • 11th regiment of hussars;

Artillery (44):

  • Two pieces of 4;
  • Four pieces of 8;
  • Two howitzers;

Division of General Chabran (45);

  • Brigades no. 1, no. 2 and no. 3, formed of the batallions of the East;

70th demi-brigade, when it is joined together. This demi-brigade will follow the movement of Chambarlhac's division until the moment when General Chabran will have made its junction. Batallions (46) no. 4 and no. 5 will join the column of General Chabran, when they are formed in Mâcon.

1 squadron of 7th of chasseurs which follows General Chabran;

Two pieces of 4, which must be returned to the Little Saint Bernard;

General Lechi;

  • The Italian division;

General Murat commands all the cavalry:

The major general Harville (47);

Brigade of cavalry, general breadth…. (48);

  • 2nd of cavalry;
  • 3rd of cavalry;
  • 20th of cavalry;

Brigade of dragoons, the General…. (48);

  • 8th of dragoons;
  • 9th of dragoons;

Brigade of light cavalry, General Duvignau;

  • 2nd of chasseurs;
  • 14th (49) of hussars;

1st of hussars, 1st and 5th of cavalry and 5th of dragoons will be embrigadés when they arrive at the army.

 

Give orders to General Lannes so that it goes following its advance guard.

Also give all the other orders necessary to the organization above.

Ask for General Marmont the organization of all artillery of the army.

Make make a state of the organization of the army which you will give to the First Consul at 11 a.m. You will add in this state in observation all the announced troops and which are not still arrivals. You will put on this state the force of the corps (50).

The headquarters will be tomorrow in Lausanne.

Give the order to General Turreau, by the way which you will believe promptest, that it withdraws no troop of Tarentaise, nor of the 9th division of the left wing of the Army of Italy, and which, if it had already withdrawn some troops, it makes them turn over to their post, the operations of the army being calculated on the current position of the troops and in particular on that of the 12th demi-brigade of line which is in Tarentaise; that the arrival of the troops of General Chabran should not make him decrease only one man in Tarentaise; that it will know the movements of the Army of the Reserve.

Reiterate the order with the General Vignolle of hurry on on the army most promptly possible the generals and adjutant generals who arrive.

Order with the column of General Seriziat to leave 21 tomorrow to go to Moutiers by the shortest road.

Alex. BERTHIER.

Alex. Berthier, general-in-chief of the Army of the Reserve, with the chief of staff.

Geneva, 20th floréal year 8 (May 10, 1800).

Send a courier to Morges and in Lausanne, to prevent that the review, which was to take place 21st, will take place only 22nd, at the same hours which had been indicated (51).

This same courier will carry orders to General Mainoni, not to go to the Simplon with the three batallions of the 28th, as it appears that it received the order of General Moncey from it.

Alex. BERTHIER.

Dupont, general chief of staff of the Army of the Reserve, with General Lannes (52).

Geneva, 20th floréal year 8 (May 10, 1800).

In accordance with the orders of the general-in-chief, citizen General, you will go, 23rd, in Saint-Maurice (53) with the advance guard which you command, and you will make take in Villeneuve of biscuit to the troop for the 23, 24, 25 and 26. In the course of the day of the 24th, you will be returned to six miles beyond Saint-Maurice, and, 25th, you will be with the foot of the Great Saint Bernard. While passing to Saint-Pierre, you will take biscuit for three days, 27, 28 and 29 included.

General Mainoni will have to join together the three batallions of the 28th, the Swiss batallion and the Italian batallion at the hospice of the Saint-Bernard, 24th, and will make them deliver biscuit for four days. Give him orders consequently.

You will take all the precautions necessary to accelerate the transport of your artillery to the Saint-Bernard, and you will make conduct with the greatest speed the mounting-sledges which are intended to you, in manner that they arrived at the foot of the mountain before the column heading.

You will calculate your march with enough precision so that, 26th, one hour before the day, you passed 1e Saint-Bernard, and that you are on the advanced posts of the enemy, that you will overthrow.

You will give the order to the 12th regiment of hussars and the 21st regiment of to be returned chasseurs 23rd with Vevey.

The movement of the army will follow that of the advance guard, and you will receive later instructions.

General Marmont has order to dispatch an officer who will be charged to make get continuation on the Saint-Bernard a piece of 8, an howitzer and the pieces of 4 of Watrin's division. You will give to this convoy the escort which you will consider necessary, and you will determine the point where these pieces will have to stop to await the column of attack.

Chabran's division will pass the Little Saint Bernard 26th, will overthrow the enemy who could occupy this passage, and will make his junction with you as soon as possible.

Inform, I request from you, frequently, the general-in-chief of your position (54).

I greet you.

DUPONT.

P.S. – the horsemen will have to take oats for four days.

Dupont, major general, general chief of staff of the Army of the Reserve, with the Lacuée General, adviser of State.

Geneva, 20th floréal year 8 (May 10, 1800).

I learn, my dear Général, that you have the interim; it will be marked by successes. General Moreau beat the enemy 15th, and, 17th, it must y have a general battle which will decide fate of Ulm.

The headquarters will be tomorrow in Lausanne. The First Consul will see the army there. 23rd, the advance guard will approach the Saint-Bernard (55). We will be 28th with Ivrée if Fort Bard does not delay us.

Here our vast and bold plan of campaign restored in its integrity. We run to great events.

The Carnot Minister written of Basle that it follows the rapid traces of Moreau and that it will be here soon of days.

Not news of Masséna since the 7. I hope that, in the first days of prairial, it will start to breathe and that before 10th it will be free.

Take care on us; our needs solicit you highly.

Salute and inviolable attachment.

DUPONT.

I regret well that Clarke is not with us.

Lacombe-Saint-Michel (56), major general, commanding as a commander artillery, with the General First Consul.

Geneva, 20th floréal year 8 (May 10, 1800).

My General,

Positions of Hautes-Alpes being principal depots where I must take the various pieces of ordnance necessary for the training of the siege train that you ordered to me to join together, I ask you for a decree who includes/understands in the district of the Army of the Reserve the material and the personnel of the 7th military division, making the left of the Army of Italy, jusques and including the valley of Barcelonnette and the pass of Argentière.

Artillery attachés officers to the crew of the Army of the Reserve being hardly sufficient to its service, I then to have any for the siege train; I ask you to authorize me to make some come from the interior, as well as drivers of cartages and artillery guards.

The means which I have to gather being disseminated, the movements which the Army of the Reserve will make not being able to easily allow me to take your orders and those of the general-in-chief, I ask you to give me a sufficient latitude, who allows me to take the things and the men where I will find them, however without harming the service of the other armies (57).

Military transport being without activity, magazines of artillery not offering any resource for the menus purchases; being necessary to make harness the 800 horses that you announced to me, to organize one or two batallions of the artillery train, to provide to extraordinary work arsenals, time that I have having to be subjected to the events of the campaign, necessarily having to force means in order to find me in measure as soon as possible , I ask you to place 200,000 francs at my disposal for these various objects.

One of my aide-de-camps have just died, I ask you to authorize me to replace it, for this campaign, by my son, teaches vessel in Toulon. The little of activity of the navy enables me to make you this request.

J. - P. LACOMBE-SAINT-MICHEL.

The First Consul, with the Minister for the war (58).

Geneva, 20th floréal year 8 (May 10, 1800).

You will find herewith, citizen Minister, a decree which I took for the prompt organization of artillery of siege of the Army of the Reserve. General Lacombe-Saint-Michel will address to you various requests relating to the personnel and the material for some objects of armament. You feel how much it is necessary to ensure you that the measures which are captures in your offices will promptly be carried out.

All the measures captures in the artillery offices to train the crew of campaign of the Army of the Reserve were badly conceived; there was, with Grenoble only, what to train 3 crews of campaign like that which we needed. Thus, send to us all the horses which you will be able to get in Paris, harnessed and spare, while directing them on Geneva by the shortest way (59).

BONAPARTE.

Decree.

Geneva, 20th floréal year 8 (May 10, 1800).

Art 1st. – The artillery direction of Grenoble and the artillery of the position of Fenestrelles are under the orders of General Lacombe-Saint-Michel the artillery.

Art 2. – General Lacombe-Saint-Michel will prepare, in the positions of the 7th division and that of Fenestrelles, a siege train of 80 pieces of ordnance, with the armaments and provisioning necessary.

Art 3. – It will organize a batallion of the artillery train and will take all the measures for the formation in brigades and the harnessing of the 1000 horses of cartages which are in Lyon.

Art 4. – Half of these horses, the first in state, will be intended for the crew of campaign of the Army of the Reserve; other half with the siege train.

Art 5. – General Lacombe-Saint-Michel will take all the measures and will give all the orders to activate the workshops of Grenoble and the supply cartridges of infantry and with gun, and other provisioning for the Army of the Reserve, in accordance with the requests which will be made to him by the commanding general the artillery of this army, which will transmit to him the orders of the general-in-chief of the aforesaid the army.

Art 6. – It will be placed 100,000 francs at the disposal of General Lacombe-Saint-Michel (60).

Art 7. – The Minister for the war is in charge of this decree, which will not be printed.

BONAPARTE.

Boinod, inspector with the reviews, the general-in-chief Berthier.

Villeneuve, 20th floréal year 8 (May 10, 1800).

A boat of 1600 biscuit caissons, another charged with brandy and a third carrying 190 quintals of flour, are arrivals yesterday at the evening here. One dispatches for Saint-Pierre (61), by transport of the district of Villeneuve, 30,000 rations of biscuit and 2,000 pints of brandy. As soon as new awaited transport arrives, one will make follow 50 oats bags, and so on, in the same proportion, with measure of the means of transport, and, until new order, one occupies oneself to make bundle and braid fodder.

The Dalbon commisioner of war is ahead to get the relays to Saint-Pierre; I will join it.

The Army of the Rhine had in this position some provisioning. There remain only 450 quintals of wheat and 350 quintals of rye.

The mills of the city and suburbs can grind only 20 quintals in the twenty-four hours.

If there were flour, one could manufacture 6,000 rations per day in Villeneuve, as much to joined together Bex and Saint-Maurice, and 4,500 in Aigle.

One should send grains only because of grindings which one can obtain and make grind in Geneva, Nyon and Lausanne.

The Army of the Reserve does not have yet any establishment of formed and neither grains nor flour (62) has.

Salute and respect.

BOINOD.

Dubreton, directing commissioner of the Consular Guard, director as a commander of the Army of the Reserve, with the general-in-chief.

Geneva, 20th floréal year 8 (May 10, 1800).

I answer, Général, with the letter that you write to me about the funds intended for the citizens Lambert and Boinod.

The last one received the 50,000 francs for which it was included in your distribution. When, General, you stopped this work, it was in round, and the payer could not send his drafts towards a ventured destination.

As for Lambert, the annoying delay that it tested and which, for several days, has opposed me much like you, comes from a misunderstanding of the payer. I prevented it yesterday, at once his arrival; it hastened to repair this error or this fault. It makes pay in Lambert 24,000 francs in ecus, in Lyon, 76,000 francs in drafts; these two sums, joined to the 50,000 francs paid in Geneva, with its receipt, supplement its credit of 300,000 francs.

I will propose a new distribution necessary to you. I will include/understand there and Boinod and Lambert, and in particular the hospitals, which start to test needs, waited until it is necessary to make all that the Government did not provide until this moment.

Salute and respect.

DUBRETON.

We can lay out, in this moment, of 2,500 pairs of shoes; I would wish it is which are the corps which need it most.

***

The First Consul, with the Consuls of the Republic.

Geneva, 21st floréal year 8 (May 11, 1800).

I received this morning, citizen Consuls, your courier of the 17th floréal (63).

….

The 100,000 francs which were made available to citizen Boinod and the 200,000 francs at that of the Lambert director, in Lyon, could not be balanced, the money of the conscripts having been employed with other objects.

One always continues to return account to me that a great quantity of money is in stagnation among receivers; it is said, inter alia, that there are 300,000 francs at that of Grenoble (64).

BONAPARTE.

The First Consul, with the Minister for the war.

Geneva, 21st floréal year 8 (May 11, 1800).

A great quantity of conscripts, citizen Minister, will continue to go to Dijon. It is thus extremely essential of y hurry on of the clothes, of the muskets, etc I estimate that one would need 15,000 more muskets and 25,000 clothes in Dijon. Take the measures so that they are there in the shortest possible space of time (65).

The 11th of hussars and 15th of chasseurs must have left Paris; if they are not it, that they leave before 24th and that they move right on Geneva.

You will find attached various orders that I gave to the depots cavalry of the Army of the Orient. They are without horses and harnessing. They cannot be useful in the campaign. Take measures so that they are assembled and equipped as soon as possible (66).

I greet you.

BONAPARTE.

The First Consul, with General Brune, Dijon.

Geneva, 21st floréal year 8 (May 11, 1800) (67).

The Army of the Reserve, citizen General, are moving to enter to Italy. As of the moment that it will have given an opinion there, it will be to belong to the Army of Italy, and then I will take a decree which will name you commander of the Army of the Reserve. While waiting, you will take the command of the 18th division, all the depots of the Army of the Reserve, and will occupy you with the greatest activity of the armament, equipment and organization of the conscripts who arrive to Dijon.

Let conduct on Geneva the 72nd and all the regiments of cavalry which were started of Paris.

Put all the conscripts who arrive to you in the 17th light and the two demi-brigades of the Army of the Orient. Before you carried these corps each one to 3,000 men, I will return Army of Italy eight to ten corps who are only to 4 or 500 men, and that you will reform.

10th from dragoons received order to leave Batavia to go to Dijon, as well as the 11th and 18th of cavalry. These regiments will hardly have arrived but towards the end of prairial. 14th from line received the same order.

I will go of my person to Italy. The events will follow one another with a great speed. Our superiority in the Rhine is very noted: for a long time the enemy cannot take any more, on this side, the offensive. From here to fifteen or twenty days, all that will produce results which will put to me capable to assign you a role in conformity with the row that you hold in the Republic, at the same time as they will place the Republic at the row of glory and consideration which it had never had to lose.

Your command, though reduced to few troops, does not leave to be interesting in this moment, would be this only under the report of the interior.

Half of the contributions coming from the departments from 18th and the 20th division, as well as the money coming from the conscripts, is intended to provide for the expenditure of your army; activate the re-entry in order to be able to pay the pay of the troops which are under your orders.

I realized, while passing the review of the various corps, that there were conscripts absolutely out of state to make the war; it there of capable estropiés. It is quite necessary that you pass yourself the review of the conscripts, and that you on their premises return those which will be out of state to make the war before one delivered the weapons and the clothes to them.

I greet you.

BONAPARTE.

23 floréal (May 13).

I completed this letter in Lausanne from where I dispatch you your courier (68).

Report with the First Consul on my mission in the positions of Lyon, Grenoble and Chambéry (69).

Geneva, 21st floréal year 8 (May 11, 1800).

LYON.

In Lyon, the Lambert director activates much and with few means the provisioning of the army of biscuit, brandy, etc (the state is attached, under the no. 1) (70).

The artillery of this position is so to speak null; but, with some funds, all would be made with speed in this position.

I made some leave 38 caissons, the ones filled with packing and the others of shell; I gave order to make leave 2,000 shells out of the 4,300 which exist there. General Marmont in was prevented.

I gave the order of hurry on on Geneva the 5,100 muskets which were to arrive at the first day and to make retrogress the 5,700 which had already left for Auxonne, to also make them conduct on Geneva.

The spirit of Lyon is perfectly good; I believe the inhabitants laid out with sacrifices.

According to the state attached (under the no. 2), there exists, in the 19th military division, only 332 combatants of the 15th light and 150 assembled men of the 21st regiment of cavalry; the remainder is made up only of depots.

On the 700 plow horses which exist in Lyon, I make some leave 107 for Grenoble, where they will find harnesses. General Marmont had the others.

GRENOBLE.

I made leave Grenoble 700,000 cartridges of infantry, 4,000 muskets, 488 quintals of lead, 3 campaign forges. CaptainMenou made leave, in my absence, of Grenoble, Strength-Barraux and Chambéry, other ammunition, of which it gave the state to General Marmont.

Herewith, under the no. 3, a state of all that exists in the arsenal of Grenoble.

This arsenal would present at the Government important resources for the provisioning of the army, if some funds were granted to him. But it is heavily in debt; moreover, the receiver of the department receives treasury no order to pay 31,000 francs, that the Minister for the war scheduled.

It would also be necessary to send to this arsenal powder and lead; then, one would have a sure supply cartridges.

There is not, in the 7th military division, of troops available that the 4th regiment of chasseurs, strength of 446 men; the 4th company of pontonniers, known as of Italy, and 2nd of the 2nd batallion. More one company of light artillery, strong of 55 men and 72 horses; it, in this moment, only 39 harnessed, equipped with it there; I gave the order to make leave an officer this company to go to seek effects of equipment in Besancon.

The state of division is under the no. 4 and that of the effects of clothing and equipment under the no. 5 (71).

CHAMBÉRY.

It is the CaptainMenou which did everything to leave Chambéry.

Alex. LAURISTON,
Aide-de-camp of the First Consul.

Alex. Berthier, general-in-chief of the Army of the Reserve, with General Dupont.

Geneva, 21st floréal year 5 (May 11, 1800).

Give the order to adjutant general Noguès, so that it goes to the avantgarde with General Lannes (72).

The citizen Camille Geneva, volunteer of the department of Isere, will follow the headquarters, employee with the staff like ordinance, while waiting for the arrival of the squadron of the volunteer to the army. He will travel with his horse and will leave 22nd.

Alex. BERTHIER.

Alex. Berthier, general-in-chief of the Army of the Reserve, with General Dupont.

Geneva, 21st floréal year 8 (May 11, 1800).

I leave at 11 a.m., citizen General (73); leave orders to General Sauret for hurry on on the army all the troops which will arrive to Geneva. Charge it to take care that orders, that I gave to the director for hurry on on Villeneuve all the effects which would arrive for the army, are carried out (74).

Order that the 27th demi-brigade of light infantry which is in Dijon returns to Geneva, where it will finish being organized and y will await orders.

Order with General Veaux that at once that demi-brigades no. 4 and no. 5 of the depots of the Army of the Orient will be equipped and equipped, they go to Geneva, where they will receive new orders. General Veaux will go to Geneva as soon as possible and will take there the command of these three demi-brigades.

Write so that one sends to us of Paris, in post if it is possible, of the cartidge boxes and the streamers. General Harville will remain in Geneva where it will receive orders for the movements of the cavalry.

Alex. BERTHIER.

The First Consul, with the Minister for the Republic as Switzerland (75).

Geneva, 21st floréal year 8 (May 11, 1800).

I received, citizen Minister, your letter of the 15th floréal.

The march of the businesses in Bern appears strong to me good. It is out of doubt that in the middle of an extremely active campaign; the legislative Corps wanted to give themselves a little rest. However, that should be the effect only of its own will.

I will be the 23 and 24 in Lausanne. I believe that it is of suitability that you make known at the Swiss Commission that the circumstances of the war and the desire to protect the Swiss territory, decided to me to approach the theater of the war and to live, during a few days, various cities of the Swiss Republic (76).

BONAPARTE (77).

Previous: CHAPTER VI: NEW PLAN Of OPERATIONS
Next: CHAPTER VIII: PREPARATIONS TO CROSS THE ALPS
  1. Berthier receives 8th May in Geneva the orders of the First Consul left the 5 Paris.
  2. Dubreton had already provided, 21st April, in Dijon, the following situation:

    DUKERMON, directing commissioner, higher direction of the various sections of service, including the heating;

    LEPELLETIER, commisioner of war, assistant of the director;

    THEZE, higher direction of the crews of the army, including the parks of artillery, the military post;

    RICARD, service of clothing; BONDURAND, that of the hospitals; DUFRESNE, the administrative police force of the headquarters; MASSON, details of artillery and the engineers;

    TROUSSET, commissaries of 1st class, will be placed close the lieutenant generals; they will command with the divisional commissaries.
    FEUGERER,
    THIBAULT,

    Divisional commissaries:

    SAINT-CRICQ, with the reserve; TROUSSET, provisional, with the division of General Watrin; DUPONT, Chambarlhac's division; MARTIN, Boudet's division; VIDAL, Loison's division; GROSBERT, Italian Legion; SEUREUX and LANEUVILLE, pupils, close the director as a commander.

  3. 10th May, the commander of staff of Watrin's division wrote to General Dupont:

    Consequently of your letter of the 18th running to the commanding general the division, which by him was transmitted to me, I hastened, citizen General, to take the intelligence which you wish to have on the manner that the service of the subsistence was filled with regard to the troops of this division, lasting the march up to now. I have to teach you my satisfaction that nothing was in suffering in this respect so far, and that it did not reach me any complaint against the quality of the objects of subsistence, both for the men the horses. The quantity of the rations was everywhere conforms to the needs.

    HULIN.

  4. The register of orders of Watrin's division shows that the administrative questions were not neglected there:

    With the commander of the 22nd demi-brigade of line and 40th.

    Lausanne, 16th floréal year 8 (May 6, 1800).

    It is essential, citizen Commandant, that independently of the financial statement that you provide each day to the commanding general the brigade whose corps that you command form part, which you address to me similar daily.

    I warn you that in the future no distribution will be made that after the states, that you must provide, arrive to the appropriate authority. The order of the distributions requires that the quatermasters be always present there.

    HULIN.

    Order of the day of division.

    Lausanne, 26 floréal year 8 (May 6, 1800).

    The Garand citizen being charged by the Government of the inspection of the reviews of the corps which make division, the commanders of the corps are prevented that it will pass the review of the troops without delay and that is needed, consequently, to hold ready controls, the Government putting much interest so that these reviews occur in rule.

    HULIN.

  5. See Appendix, no. 16.
  6. This order is supplemented the same day by the following:

    “Put on the financial statement that you will increase me this evening to 4 a.m., the arrival of the batallions, in accordance with the state attached which Vignolle sends to me.

    B. “

    “In the financial statement that you will send this evening to me, it is necessary to include/understand there, like a division, all the troops under command of General Turreau and, in the same way, those of the Valais Alps.

    Alex. BERTHIER. “

  7. Alex Berthier, general-in-chief of the Army of the Reserve, with the chief of staff.

    Lausanne, 22nd floréal year 8 (May 12, 1800).

    I learn at the moment, citizen General, that General Béthencourt has just arrived to Lausanne. Give him the order to go at once to the Simplon, to take the command of it and to raise General Vaufreland there *.

    I greet you,

    Alex. BERTHIER.

    * General Béthencourt arrives to Sion 16th May, (See p. 362, note 1, the result of its first reconnaissance.)

  8. Deliver orders of General Marescot. Archives of the engineers.

    This letter seems written in Geneva.

  9. The same day, Marescot required of Berthier the shoes necessary to these sappers.
  10. Marescot (Armand-Samuel), born in Tours on March 1, 1758, had been suction at the School of Wall 11th May 1776, second lieutenant on January 1, 1778, lieutenant in first 13th January 1784, captain on April 1, 1791, commander of batallion on November 6, 1793, colonel 19th July 1794, brigadier general on 1 September 1794, major general 8th November 1794, general inspector of the fortifications 13th June 1795, first general inspector on January 5, 1800.

    He became grand-officer of the Empire, and general inspector of the engineers on July 6, 1804, was relieves on 4 September 1808, famous first general inspector of the engineers by the provisional Government 8th April 1814, and pensioner on August 1, 1815.

  11. Middle of July.
  12. To the report of Marescot two sketches were joined which is preserved at the Ministry of War (Archives of the engineers); one is a route of Villeneuve to the Great Saint Bernard, the other a detailed plan of the valleys and ways between the Great Saint Bernard and Martigny.

    This last is reproduced here on a scale a little smaller than the original.

  13. French troops had recently passed this pass.

    1. Of the 24th May to the 12th November 1798 and particularly at the end of May and at the beginning of June, the hospice had provided subsistence to columns “going to Milan” and one considered the number of men having passed the pass at “approximately 43,000, consistent in 15 demi-brigades, 2 regiments of hussars, 3 of dragoons, 1 of cavalry, in addition to various corps of light artillery, chasseurs à cheval, sappers, etc”.

    The principal corps were: 3rd, 31st, 68th, 78th, 97th demi-brigades, 6th of hussars, 19th of dragoons, 7th of chasseurs, 3rd of cavalry, 5th regiment of foot artillery, 1st and 4th of on horse artillery.

    The rations distributed to the troops were entirely with the expenses of the hospice, although General Lorge had given the positive order to nourish them and had fixed the quantity of meat, cheese and wine allocated at each soldier (Archives of the Great Saint Bernard).

    2. part of Xaintrailles division was detached from the army of the Danube in May 1799 “to reduce the high Valais Alps and to keep the outlets of the valley of Aoste”. A fraction of this division went temporarily to Aoste by the Great Saint Bernard and returned at the end of a few days in the Valais Alps.

    The hospice remained occupied by French troops whose strength was of approximately “500 men and never less than 200”.

    The corps which accepted food at the hospice were: 25th light, 28th, 104th and 110th of line and the 3rd artillery regiment.

    From May to July 1799, the hospice had provided them: 495 rye bread pounds, 8,944 meat rations, 262 rice pounds, 567 salt pounds, 3,521 wine bottles, etc, the whole evaluated with 32,378 francs, which were paid by France on February 2, 1800 (Archives of the Great Saint Bernard).

    Three companies of the 28th had spent the winter to the hospice and there were still in May 1800 (v. chap. IX).

    Neither in 1798, nor in 1799, the French troops had, seems it, last the pass with pieces of artillery.

  14. See the letter of the 6th May of Mainoni with Berthier, p. 288.
  15. General Herbin commanded a brigade of Chambarlhac's division. His report, according to the analogy of the intelligence given, seems to be that which one will find quoted partly without name of author, at the beginning of chapter X.
  16. Deliver orders of General Marescot. Archives of the engineers.
  17. This note, without signature, seems one minute of Marescot, and appears to have been used for to him to write his report.

    It contains some interesting and curious details which are not in this report.

  18. Archives of the engineers.
  19. Orders of the adjutant general Hulin, chief of staff of Watrin's division.

    Vevey, 18th floréal year 8 (May 8, 1800).

    With the General of Malher's brigade.

    The intentions of the commanding general division are, citizen General, that the 6th demi-brigade leaves tomorrow 19 of this month to go to lay down the same day with Bex and, 20th, in Martigny, where it will remain until new order.

    The 22nd demi-brigade of line will have to go tomorrow to Saint-Maurice and the first villages beyond this place, which it will occupy until new provisions. If you judge it by the way, you will be able to send these corps to Martigny.

    I invite you to give orders consequently.

    I warn you at the same time as the artillery park of division will leave Vevey tomorrow, will sleep in Saint-Maurice the same day, and the following day with Martigny, where it will be under your orders.

    The 3rd batallion of the 6th light demi-brigade being today in Vevey, it received the order directly to go to lay down tomorrow 19 of this month with Bex and 20th with Martigny, where it will join the two other batallions same corps.

    HULIN.

    With the General of Gency's Brigade.

    The intentions of the commanding general division are, citizen General, whom you tomorrow 19 of the current will establish your headquarters with Bex and whom your brigade occupies this place, like Villeneuve and Aigle. It invites you to give your orders consequently.

    There should not remain any troop of this division behind of Villeneuve, waited until other troops must occupy the cantonments which precede this division.

    HULIN.

    With the commander of artillery of division.

    In accordance with provisions stopped by commanding general division, you will want well, citizen, to leave tomorrow 19 current with park division that you command, to go to sleep same day with Saint-Maurice, where you will take 2 artillery pieces which are there, and the following day with Martigny, where you will remain until new provisions under the orders of the General of Malher's brigade (*).

    There, you will occupy yourselves to make build the sledges necessary to transport beyond the mountains the pieces, caissons, etc

    HULIN.

    (*) Later orders undoubtedly sent artillery to Saint-Pierre, because 13th May the first pieces leave this village to go up with the coll (V, the letter of Boinod, p. 345.)

    With the commander of the gendarmerie.

    In accordance with the provisions adopted by the commanding general division, you will leave, citizen, tomorrow 19 of the current, with your detachment to return to you to Aigle, place fixed for the headquarters of division, where you will remain there until new order.

    HULIN *.

    (*) Order identical to the “commander of the detachment of the 11th regiment of hussars”.

    An order “with the commissaries Dablon and Trousset” prevented them tone the movements ordered for May the 9 and 10 with the troops one staffs of division.

  20. Loison (Louis-Henry), born in Damvillers 16th May 1771, had entered the auxiliary batallion of the troops of the colonies 29th June 1787, had given up 16th September 1787; returned and discharged with the help of 600 pounds, 25th January 1788, he had become second lieutenant with the 29th regiment of infantry 15th September 1791, lieutenant 25th March 1792, captain of hussars in the legion of North in 1792, adjutant general colonel named temporarily in May 1793, brigadier general 26th August 1795, reformed 27th December 1797, given in activity 16th January 1798, provisional major general 25th September 1799, confirmed in this rank 19th October 1799.

    He made all the wars of the Empire, was retired 15th November 1815 and died 30th December 1816.

  21. The 2nd batallion of the 13th light had arrived 30th April to Dijon (see p. 76). It could have had rest on May 1, to be the 2 in Auxonne and the 3 in Dôle, where it joined the 60th, which one saw the route p. 206.
  22. 1st and 3rd batallions of the 13th light arrived only on May 6 to Dijon; they could not be in Nyon before 13th May.
  23. Correspondence of Napoleon, no. 4764.
  24. According to the handwritten journals of Dunant and Bourdillon, inhabitants of Geneva, the First Consul would have arrived at 3 o'clock in the morning, 9th May.

    Dupont, in his letter with Moncey, of the 9th May, known as: “The First Consul arrived here this morning”.

    Geneva had been put in festival to receive the First Consul. One had built, with the door of Cornavin, “a triumphal arch which commanded by the prefect, who cost approximately 60 louis; there was on a side: In Bonaparte and the Armies, and, other: With the Victory and Peace”.

    The inhabitants of Geneva awaited the First Consul 8th May in vain “…. Warped the ramparts were furnished with world…. As it was believed that it would arrive from Dijon towards the 6 hours of the evening, the national guard, made up of approximately 2,000 citizens, made the hedge. It was returned at 8 o'clock in the evening. ”

    But the First Consul did not wish honors this day. It “had arrived at Nyon as of the 5 hours of the evening, and having learned the great preparations which were done in Geneva for its reception, it was made make a supper, then it was to lie down. At 3 o'clock in the morning, it appeared with the Cornavin door…. ”

    (Handwritten Journal of Friend Dunant, volume VI. Library of Geneva. Dunant, born in 1739, died in 1813, belonged to an old Swiss family. – Handwritten Journal of Bourdillon. Library of Geneva. Bourdillon, born in 1725, died in 1802, was of an old French family of Bourges, refugee in Geneva towards 1560.)

    The account of the Bourdillon manuscript on the passage to Nyon does not agree with a letter written by an inhabitant of Morez, 14th May, and published in the Monitor of the 4th prairial. According to this letter, the First Consul would have passed to Morez 8th May, 9 o'clock in the evening, and would have stopped there half an hour to satisfy the enthusiastic population.

    The First Consul placed, in Geneva, “in the house Desaussure (professor of meteorology and chemistry, 1767-1845), in top of the city, which one had prepared fear him…. “part of its guard surrounded its residence”. (Handwritten Journal of Friend Dunant.)

    (The Desaussure house, where the First Consul placed, as well as the Picot house, inhabited by Berthier, still exist in Geneva, as well as the fortification of Beaulieu, that the First Consul went to visit during its short stay in this city.)

    “A 6 hours, one drew several rounds from gun, to announce its arrival at the department of Léman”. (Handwritten Journal of Friend Dunant.)

    The First Consul accepted in the morning the prefect and the authorities of the city. A former syndic, Mr. Gervais, questioned, called to the First Consul that the Genevese, by a natural feeling, regretted their independence. (Report of Mr. Martin-Dirty, eyewitness. Additional – Geneva in France, pieces, p. 16.)

    This one answered him that, however, before their meeting, they had many discussions, often anarchy; that it would be advantageous for Geneva to share the fate of a large republic; that it was going to work to reopen the passage of the Alps and that the trade of Geneva would be revived, etc (handwritten Journal of Friend Dunant.)

    It is during this stay in Geneva, of the 9th to the 11th May, that the maintenance of the First Consul with Necker took place, the former minister for finances of Louis XVI.

    “…. Necker discussed one hour with him…. it rented much the military operation which it saw making under its eyes. The First Consul was poorly satisfied with its conversation. ” (Memoires of Napoleon.)

  25. Correspondence of Napoleon, no. 4765.
  26. The Minister for the war to the First Consul.

    Paris, 22nd floréal year 8 (May 12, 1800).

    Citizen Consul,

    I receive in the moment (at 10 a.m. and half) the letter that you made me the honor be written of Geneva 19th of this month.

    Four principal objects are touched there:

    1. the clothing of the conscripts in Dijon;

    2. artillery horses in the West and in Versailles;

    3. the batallion of the artillery train in Lyon;

    4. 700 horses of Lyon.

    1. The conscripts of Dijon are equipped; , for their clothing, 1,600,000 francs are needed. The failures of word delay us, expose us to miss and make that the contractors ask for an increase.

    One calculated on 80 francs per man, because of the large one and the small equipment; it would be necessary that, for this extraordinary object, it was placed 200,000 francs per decade at my disposal. Without this money, it is quite difficult for me to answer of nothing.

    2. Tomorrow, it will leave Versailles 230 horses, which will be followed, 24th, by 120 others.

    I, moreover, gave the order to the Dulauloy citizen to make leave spare all that there is horses harnessed at his disposal.

    It was given order, by the Carnot citizen, to direct towards Dijon all that exists in the West in draft horses, product of the requisition.

    Several markets are in the train to buy 3,000 horses; but I need, from this decade, 100,000 francs per decade for this object.

    3. I had ordered here the formation of a batallion of the artillery train; the officers are named by it. I have just given them order to go to Lyon, and I have written with the commanding general the 7th division, have joined together and just directed on Lyon all that it could be scattered drivers in his district.

    4. The 700 horses of Lyon will be harnessed most promptly possible; we will gather all the harnesses here, which will be easy for us, if we have money; and I hope that one will give me, the day after tomorrow, that which I need for that: they is approximately 25,000 francs.

    Salute and respect.

    J. - C. LACUÉE.

    National archives, AF, IV, 1186.

  27. This decree seems the regularization of the measure ordered the day before, in Auxonne, with the Lemarois colonel, although the number of convoys and transports is different.

    The First Consul with the Lemarois citizen, aide-de-camp, colonel.

    Auxonne, 18th floréal year 8 (May 8, 1800).

    You will want well, citizen, to return to you to each post, since Dôle in Geneva. You will give the order to it to the masters of post to get 32 horses, which will have to remain with the post during six days. They will be occupied transporting 6 convoys, each of 8 artillery transports.

    They will have to be made six away hours one of the other, without regard to the night. Each artillery convoy will be accompanied by an officer of the artillery train, which will pay the horses according to the ordinance.

    The director of the artillery park of the army, the Gassendi citizen, will give the orders for these convoys.

    If the masters of post make some difficulties, the Lemarois citizen will address to the mayors communes and to the sub-prefects, so that they hold the hand with the execution of this order, which interests primarily the service.

    The First Consul,

    BONAPARTE.

    Correspondence of Napoleon, no. 4763.

  28. Articles 2, 3 and 4, identical to the same articles of the preceding decree. In article 4, “prefects of the departments of Isere and Mont Blanc”.

    Correspondence of Napoleon, no. 4766.

  29. Instead of Watrin, one must read Loison, as proves it afterwards the following letter sent to Dupont a few hours:

    “It is the Loison's division and the Boudet's division which must pass the review 21st, in Lausanne, at 3 a.m. afternoon, and not the Watrin's division, for which there is no order. These is also the two divisions which are temporarily under the command of General Duhesme.

    “Alex. BERTHIER. ”

  30. The 9th light of Boudet's division, at the strength of 2,700 men, arrived at Vevey 9th May, confined in the city and made stay 10th there. (Couvreu Manuscript.)

    The remainder of Boudet's division was in Lausanne.

    Loison's division had a demi-brigade in Lausanne and two in Nyon.

  31. This grouping of divisions modifies that fixed 20th April by Berthier (see p. 146). It is supplemented the following day by the order which confers also great commands on Lannes and Murat (see p. 315.)
  32. Undoubtedly the decree for the masters of post (see p. 309.)
  33. The army made, 9th, an average stage. According to the orders for the following days, only one regiment of the division of advance guard marched 10th; a review was to have passed 11th; it was given and the immobility continued until the 13.
  34. News brought by Franceschi (see p: 280).
  35. Three demi-brigades of Chabran's division left on May 4 Mâcon (see p. 250, note 2).
  36. Boudet (Jean), born in Bordeaux 9th February 1769, dragon in Pentbièvre of the 22nd October 1785 to the 10th April 1788, lieutenant with the 5th batallion of the Gironde on August 5, 1792, captain on September 6, 1792, commanding 1st batallion of chasseurs 13th December 1793, provisional colonel in the Guadeloupe 19th June 1794, provisional 14th December 1795, provisional 20th October 1796, brigadier general on 4 January 1800, major general major general brigadier general on April 2, 1800.

    He became count of the Empire and grand-officer of the Legion of honor, and died in Budwitz, in Moravie, of an attack of drop, 14th September 1809.

  37. Geneva with Morges, 47 kilometers. Morges with Vevey, 32 kilometers.
  38. Fodder also missed in Aigle.

    Aigle, 20th floréal year 8 (May 10, 1800).

    With the General of Gency's Brigade.

    The shortage of fodder, my dear Général, prevents that we keep here all the detachment of the 11th of hussars. General Watrin thought that it was advisable to send them to Bex, where they will be infinitely better in the various cantonments than here. They are at your disposal to place them in the various villages more in the vicinity possible of Bex, if you would not find in these places the location and fodder necessary.

    HULIN.

    With the commander of the detachment of the 11th of hussars.

    It is ordered with the officer whom commands the detachment of the 11th regiment of hussars, attaché to division, to leave, in the current of the day, for Bex and surroundings, where they will be under the orders of General Malher *, by leaving with the headquarters of division, in Aigle, 1 sergeant, 1 sergeant and 12 hussars.

    HULIN.

    (*) Instead of Malher, read Gency. This General was in Bex with the 40th, while General Malher was ahead with its brigade (22nd and 6th), in Saint-Maurice or Martigny.

  39. The new organization is put at the order of the day of the following day, to which Dupont adds: “It is expressly recommended to the generals to which it order of the day is addressed to hold it secret. ”
  40. Addition in margin.
  41. This batallion had left on May 5 Bourg, according to the order given the 4 by Berthier, with its passage in this city (see p. 252). It was to be 8th May in Geneva, 10th in Lausanne, and joined Watrin's division afterwards a few days.
  42. Lannes is informed the same day of the command that it receives by a letter of Dupont, who prescribes to him “to go following Villeneuve”. After having enumerated the corps composing the advance guard, the commander of general staff adds: “These troops are confined in surrounding Villeneuve, Saint-Maurice and other points. The artillery is partly, marches from there to go to its destination. The horsemen are in Orbe…. ”

    This letter is addressed “to the major general Lannes. House of the First Consul, in Geneva”.

  43. This artillery, with a score of caissons, joined its division 10th May, in Vevey. (Couvreu Manuscript.)
  44. Divisions have each one two pieces of 4 less than in the organization of the 6th May (see p. 256).
  45. While the large one of Chabran's division gains Geneva, the 4 batallions forming its advance guard arrive at the foot of the Little Saint Bernard, and Colonel Miguel undoubtedly pushes troops to the coll an offensive of those brings, 8th or 9th May, a skirmish, of which Berthier returns account, 10th, with the First Consul, in these terms:

    “I warn you, citizen Consul, that the troops which occupy the Little Saint Bernard pushed a reconnaissance on the enemy posts, which they drove out their entrenchments and which they continued strong before in the valley of Aoste. We made 40 prisoners, killed 12 men and wounded a great number.

    “Devotion and respect.

    “Alex. BERTHIER. ”

    He was not found any document on this business.

  46. Read: demi-brigades no. 4 and no. 5.
  47. Harville (Louis-Auguste Juvénal of Ursins, count of), born in Paris 23rd April 1749, second lieutenant in the carabiniers 25th November 1766, captain with the regiment of Champagne-cavalry 22nd February 1770, colors of the gendarmes of Orleans 29th June 1770, colors of the Scottish gendarmes, with the rank of master of camp, 17th May 1773, second lieutenant 24th February 1776, first lieutenant of the English gendarmes 18th January 1779, first lieutenant of the Scottish gendarmes 11th November 1782, sergeant and captain-lieutenant of the gendarmes of the Queen on January 1, 1784, major of the gendarmerie 13th May 1786, brigadier 9th March 1788, lieutenant General on 6 February 1792, thanked 15th May 1793, reinstated 18th March 1795, inspector of the cavalry in 1798.

    It was called with the preserving Senate March 1801 and was created even of France by Louis XVIII, in 1814.

  48. Gaps in the text.
  49. Read: 11th.
  50. See appendix no. 17.
  51. In the morning of the 10th May, the First Consul intends to pass the review 11th, because he writes to the citizen Talleyrand, minister foreign relations:

    “…. I arrived yesterday to Geneva. Tomorrow, I will pass the review of the army, which is already with some marches ahead…. ”

    The delay of the review appears to result from the order, envoy with Lannes, to start from Saint-Maurice only 14th. (See following letter.)

  52. Lannes (Jean), born in Lectoure 11th April 1769, had been a second lieutenant with the 2nd batallion of Gers 20th June 1792, lieutenant 20th October 1793, captain 21st October 1793, colonel 25th December 1793, brigadier general 17th March 1797, major general named by the general-in-chief of the Army of the Orient 10th May 1799, confirmed in this rank 23rd April 1800.

    He became marshal of the Empire 19th May 1801, general colonel of the Swiss 13th September 1807, and died, 31st May 1809, of the continuations of the wound which he had received 22nd May with the battle of Essling.

  53. Watrin's division has, as of 10th May, a demi-brigade and her artillery beyond Saint-Maurice, in Martigny. The concentration of this division is made 23rd floréal (May 13), not in Saint-Maurice, but in Martigny (see p. 341 to 343).
  54. This letter was published in the Correspondence of Napoleon, no. 4772, with suppression of the final formula and of the signature “I dedicated greet. Dupont”, and addition, at the beginning, of the indication: “The First Consul with General Lannes”, and, at the end, of this one: “By order of the First Consul”.

    It was thus for many letters published. The text given here is that of the original.

  55. Orders of Watrin's division:

    Aigle, 20th floréal year 8 (May 10, 1800).

    With the General of Malher's brigade.

    The commanding general division, citizen General, invites you not to push your reconnaissance until Saint-Remy, such as you proposed, not to attract the enemy on this point. You can always continue your discoveries, so as to not make see with the enemy our movements.

    The Julien citizen, as well as the commisioner of war, are warned that your troops miss meat. The orders are given to cure this delay.

    I received the five Piedmontese one and questioned them; it appears that they will work of their trade of mason in the department of Mont Blanc; tomorrow, it will be taken in their connection a determination.

    The shoes did not still arrive; at once that they will be it, they will start from continuation for your brigade.

    HULIN.

    (The recommendation relating to the reconnaissance undoubtedly arrived too late at the General Malher, which did not have time to modify its orders. 12th in the morning, the troops of the Great Saint Bernard attacked the Austrian outposts and pushed back them beyond Saint-Remy. (OEstreichische militärische Zeitschrift, T. XXVI, 1822, p. 173.)

    As for the food, the same day, a few hours afterwards, Watrin transmitted to General Malher the answer of the “citizen Julien, inspector of the meat rations”, about the complaints of the 22nd demi-brigade. This one pointed out “that these corps received for its subsistence of 19, 20 and 21 of this month, of the meat in sufficient quantity and that it is owe him only as from the 22”).

    With the commander of the 3rd batallion of the 40 demi-brigade.

    In accordance with the provisions adopted by the commanding general division, it is ordered to the commander of the 3rd batallion of the 40th demi-brigade of line to leave tomorrow, 21 of this month, of Villeneuve, with the grenadier company and the 1st company of the aforesaid batallion.

    The grenadier company will go to Aigle, with the staff of the aforesaid batallion, and the 1st company will go to Ollon. The aforementioned companies will remain in their cantonments until new order.

    HULIN.

    (Hulin gives orders, consequently, with the commander of the 1st company and the Trousset commisioner of war).

    With the General of Malher's brigade.

    It is necessary, citizen General, whom you make your possible to get to the sappers of division, who go ahead, the tools and ropes which they will need for repairs to make with the bridges and the roads for the passage of artillery.

    HULIN.

    [On its side, General Malher worries about the state of the road which goes up of Martigny to Saint-Pierre. It prescribes at the town of Martigny to make “repair the bridges until Sembrancher” (Archives of Martigny), and, by its order, the Rebond commisioner of war - written of Sembrancher to the municipality of Orsières, ordering “to make restore all the bridges which you have on the main road of Saint-Pierre, in twenty-four hours, under your personal liability, in order to be in a position to support the charges of artillery and food supplies. ” (Archives of Orsières, register of the military supplies.)]

    With the artillery commander of division.

    According to the note that you gave me yesterday, who commands citizen, relative with the means of transport of the ammunition and the pieces beyond the mountains, the commanding general division authorizes you to make build continuation, and with greatest diligence, the mounting-sledges and other objects necessary; to this end, you will address to the General of Malher's brigade for that which you will need to accelerate the work.

    HULIN.

    With the commander of. detachment of the 1st company of the 2nd regiment of foot artillery.

    In accordance with the provisions adopted by the commanding general division, it is ordered with the detachment of the 1st company of the 2nd regiment of foot artillery, to leave this city tomorrow to go to Martigny, where it will be under the orders of the artillery commander of division. It will sleep tomorrow, 21 of this month, with Saint-Maurice and 22nd with Martigny, destination.

    For the Hulin General:

    The Assistant,

    BAKER.

  56. Lacombe-Saint-Michel (Jean-Pierre), born in Saint-Michel-du-Vax (Tarn) on 5 March 1751, entered to the service with the corps of the artillery 18th May 1765, lieutenant on June 6, 1767, captain on June 3, 1779, knight of Saint-Louis 29th May 1791, commander of batallion on 1 November 1792, brigadier general 17th November 1793, major general 13th February 1798.

    It died 27th January 1812.

  57. The personnel of the siege train, indeed, was recruited at all the ends of the territory; the Minister took, 15th May, the following decision:

    “The Minister decided, on this report, that the artillery troops indicated hereafter of continuation will be directed on Grenoble, where they will be employed with the park of siege of the Army of the Reserve.

    IT IS.

    1st regiment of foot artillery:

    The 13th company, which is in Rennes;
    35 men of the 14th company, in Maubeuge.

    2nd regiment of foot artillery:

    23 men of the 2nd company, in Amiens;
    35 men of the 17th company, in Toulouse.

    3rd regiment of foot artillery:

    60 men of the 6th company in Caen.

    6th on foot regiment:

    19 men 1st company, in Luxembourg;
    36 3rd in Liege;
    67 4th in Luxembourg;
    17 6th in Mézières;
    19 8th with Valencians;
    18 even in Rouen;
    37 9th in Givet and Charlemont;
    19 14th in Sedan;
    17 even in Mézières;
    17 20th in Douai.

    7th on foot regiment:

    17 men of the 17th company, in Luxembourg.

    Depot of the artillery school of Besancon: 300 men. “

    These various detachments received the order to make stay only after seven, eight and nine days of march. They were to arrive to Grenoble between June the 3 and 21.

  58. Correspondence of Napoleon, no. 4771.
  59. In spite of the goodwill of the Minister to carry out the orders of the First Consul, General Lacombe-Saint-Michel organized its park of siege with much of difficulties and missed especially money and means of transport. 23rd May, it gave an account of it, of Grenoble, with the First Consul:

    General Consul,

    I have the honor to account to you for the financial statement in which is the artillery crew of siege that you ordered to me to join together.

    The 80 pieces of ordnance will be divided in the following way: thirty-three pieces of 24, seventeen pieces of 16 and thirty mortars or howitzers, by mixing the gauges. The two positions of Mount-Lyon and Briançon offer to me, with little thing close, the sufficient number of pieces and projectiles, except for the bombs, of the shells and some balls of 24, which are announced to me by the Minister for the war.

    There are only 480 thousands of powder in all the direction of Grenoble; it is necessary approximately 800 thousands of them for me; but I will find of them 200 thousands in the position of Fenestrelles, and 200 thousands are announced to me like having to arrive very soon.

    The Minister writes to me that in conformity of your decree, it gave order to 12 companies of foot artillery to go to Grenoble; but it cannot ensure me that they are available.

    I do not believe to have made a too strong request. I rigorously need 550 men for the daily service of the 80 pieces of ordnance, that made 1100; I suppose only one day of rest to them. One needs, moreover, the interior service of the park; there are casualties, deaths. Consequently, by asking for 12 companies, I restricted myself with bare essential.

    I did not receive yet the funds which you placed at my disposal. However, the Minister announces the ordinances to me, and I think that, these next days, the prefect will make me touch a light installment. Repairs, the clothes industry of the armaments go slowly, for lack of money. However, all is organized so that there is the greatest activity at the moment when the means will not miss.

    There will remain to me currently the article of cartages and transport. It will be my most difficult task there. I would rigorously need 3,000 horses of train of artillery and more than 2,000 transports of peasants harnessed, to carry the ammunition and implements. I am well far from account, because, instead of the 1000 horses which you suppose to exist in Lyon, there are not 200 in a position of them to march.

    In spite of that, General, do not believe that I present difficulties here to you; I dare to believe that I will do all that another will be able to do.

    Salute and respect,

    J. - P. LACOMBE-SAINT-MICHEL.

  60. The First Consul wrote with the Minister the following day, May 11:

    General Lacombe-Saint-Michel, citizen Minister, charged with the organization of the siege train of the Army of the Reserve, would need initially 60,000 francs. I made him give 10,000 francs, installment on the ordinances, by artillery of the park of the Army of the Reserve.

    I ask you of him to dispatch the ordinance of it and to concert you with the Minister for finances to make it pay on the first funds which would be in the cases of Grenoble.

    BONAPARTE.

  61. Watrin's division provided an escort to the convoy.

    With the commander of the 40th demi-brigade of line.

    Aigle, 20th floréal year 8 (May 10, 1800).

    You will want well, citizen, at once presents it received, to make command a corporal and 4 men, who must be used for the escort of 23 transports leading 304 cases of biscuit, having to go to Bex, for the commander of the position, of which it will have care to draw a receipt, and which it will make at once lead to the position of Martigny, according to the orders of Major General Watrin, commanding division. The corporal and the 4 fusiliers will be raised of detachment in detachment.

    HULIN.

    (The 304 biscuit cases seem to correspond to the 30,000 rations; the 1600 unloaded cases thus represent 157,894 rations, that is to say four days of biscuit for the strength of approximately 37,000 men directed on the Great Saint Bernard). (See situation of the 10th May, additional no. 17.)

  62. Alex. Berthier, general-in-chief of the Army of the Reserve, with General Dupont.

    Geneva, 21st floréal year 8 (May 11, 1800).

    I send to you, herewith, a letter of the Chambarlhac General (*); see at the moment even the director as a commander. It is impossible that an army acts if it dies of hunger. That at the moment even, it is taken measures to cure this evil.

    I greet you.

    Alex. BERTHIER.

    (*) The letter of the Chambarlhac General was not found.

  63. The courier of the 18th arrives to Geneva in the evening of the 21st. The First Consul written at 9 a.m. in the evening a new letter with the Consuls (see with the chap. XII).
  64. Correspondence of Napoleon, no. 4774.
  65. The First Consul renews the same day the requests for clothing and weapons. It claims also surgeons.

    The temporary Minister Lacuée answers him, 15th May:

    “…. Of continuation, I gave order to make some leave (of the surgeons), 12 from here and 8 of Besancon. I fear that if that and all that is commanded arrives you will have too much of it; but it is, when it is a question of preserving our brave men, to better sin by excess that by defect….

    “…. I do not forget that we need, in addition to men, clothes, shoes and weapons.

    “With a little money, we will have and clothes and shoes; but of the weapons! I do not despair about it, but I hope little. ” (National Archives, AF, IV.)

  66. Before leaving Paris, the First Consul had prescribed in Lacuée to make buy 3,000 horses for the Army of the Reserve. This one writes to him, 10th May, that it believes capacity to guarantee that one will have them.

    “… To obtain them surely and promptly, I made three different markets:

    “One with the Justice of the Peace of Lane 3.000
    “One with Lanchère, for 1.200
    “One with another supplier, for 1.200

    “The first will buy in Normandy and Brittany.

    “The second in Franche-Comté.

    “The third in Poitou and Berri.

    “I promised to pay cash; I will take precautions to hold my word. ”
    (National Archives.)

  67. See the postscript of the letter.
  68. Correspondence of Napoleon, no. 4782.
  69. The First Consul had sent Lauriston on mission 27th April, to see p. 212.
  70. This state, bench in Lyon on May 1, is with appendix no. 24. Lambert had joined together, at this date, a million rations of biscuit on 1,500,000 which it was to provide, and other provisioning about in the same proportion.
  71. State no. 4 was not found.; states Nos 2, 3 and 5 are long and not very interesting.
  72. Orders of Watrin's division:

    Aigle, 21st floréal year 8 (May 11, 1800).

    With the General of Malher's brigade.

    I warn you, citizen General, that 325 men of the 6th demi-brigade of light infantry, energy to join these corps, will arrive tomorrow at Martigny.

    I gave order to the Trousset commisioner of war to be transported following Martigny and Saint-Bernard, for reconnoiter the magazines and to ensure the subsistence of the troops.

    6th and 22nd demi-brigades did not send me yet the financial statements that I asked you for 19th of the current; I ask you to reiterate your orders and to recommend more exactitude to them for the future; make in kind, I request from you, that they reach me today.

    HULIN.

    With the General of Malher's brigade.

    I warn you, citizen General, that consequently provisions adopted by the commanding general division, the 40th demi-brigade, under the orders of General Gency, will meet tomorrow, 22 of this month, in Saint-Maurice, and, 23rd, all division will meet in Martigny and surroundings. I invite you to make there prepare subsistence.

    I will dispatch you tomorrow 1000 pairs of shoes.

    HULIN.

    (Hulin consequently gives orders to the commisioners of war Trousset and Dalbon. This last, moreover, is prevented that “the Italian troops intended for this division must take, while passing to Villeneuve, of biscuit for four days”).

    With the General of Gency's Brigade.

    The commanding general division have just ordered that the three batallions of the 40th demi-brigade meet tomorrow, 22 of the current, in Saint-Maurice, I warn you, citizen General, that, to avoid slowness in this movement, finding me near 2nd and 3rd batallions, I gave them the order directly to go tomorrow to that the place. It will be enough that you give your orders to the 1st batallion, so that, in accordance with the intentions of the major general, their meeting is carried out tomorrow.

    If Saint-Maurice would not be enough to contain the whole demi-brigade, the intentions of the General are that you make bivouac what could not there be placed, if, near the place, it were not some village with being able to place them, in order to have these corps under the hand for the movement which must take place.

    The company of grenadiers of the 2nd batallion will remain alone in Aigle for the guard of the headquarters.

    HULIN.

    (Hulin consequently gives orders to the commanders of 2nd and 3rd batallions, in Aigle.)

    Order of division.

    The commanding general division learned with difficulty that gendarmes, passing separately in front of corps of division moving, had to wipe insulting remarks, released center of these same corps.

    As it is important infinitely, to ensure the maintenance of the good harmony which must necessarily reign among French armed for the same cause, to repress in their principles the variations of some inconsistent, who could have the most disastrous continuations, it is ordered with the commanders of the corps and detachments to take care carefully so that the soldiers attachés with the national gendarmerie are insulted per none of their subordinates, and to punish whoever severely would miss with the respect which is owe them under all the reports, since, all men of choice on the side of manners, it is not one of them which honourably did not serve the Republic at least during four campaigns, and which is not ready to give new evidence of its bravery and its devotion to the defense of the fatherland.

    The commanding general division is convinced that the most perfect union will not cease reigning among the soldiers of all weapons under its orders, and that they will mutually go the respect which they owe.

    HULIN.

  73. It had written the morning with General Dupont:

    “Give orders to the Belin courier so that it leaves at once for Lausanne, in order to make prepare my horses on the road. That it is carrying a requisition of you with the officers of the Swiss republic, so that one makes provide the horses necessary.

    “I intend to leave towards 11 a.m.,

    “Alex. BERTHIER. ”

  74. General Sauret remains in Geneva until 27 May (Handwritten of Dunant and carries, this day, its headquarters in Villeneuve.
  75. Citizen Reinhard.
  76. In Geneva, the First Consul is in France, this city having been annexed in 1798. The frontier passes between Versoix and Coppet.
  77. Correspondence of Napoleon, no. 4778.

Library Reference Information

Type of Material: Text (Book, Microform, Electronic, etc.)
Personal Name: Cugnac, Gaspar Jean Marie René de, 1861-
Main Title: Campagne de l'armée de réserve en 1800 ...
par le captaine de Cugnac ...
Published/Created: Paris, R. Chapelot et ce., 1900-1901.
Description: 2 v. 21 maps (partly fold.) 14 facsim. (partly fold. 25 cm.
Contents: t. 1. Passage du Grand-Saint-Bernard.--t. 2. Marengo.
Subjects: Napoleonic Wars, 1800-1815--Campaigns--Italy.
France--History--Consulate and Empire, 1799-1815.
LC Classification: DC223.7 .C96