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 Research | Napoleonic Cugnac Campaign of the Army of the Reserve in 1800 English Part 1 Chapter 2

CAMPAIGN
OF
THE ARMY OF THE RESERVE
IN 1800

(FIRST PART)
CHAPTER II
THE ARMY OF THE RESERVE AT DIJON

General organization of the army. – Chabran's division in Mâcon and Châlon-sur-Saône. – Italian Legion in Bourg. – Troops of Paris and the West joined together around Dijon. – Artillery. – Provisioning.

The decrees of the 8th March 1800 fix the bases of the formation of the Army of the Reserve.

Decree.

Paris, 17th ventôse year 8 (March 8, 1800) (1).

Consuls of the Republic ordered:

Art 1st. – It will be created a strong Army of the Reserve of 60,000 men.

Art 2. – It will be directly commanded by the First Consul (2).

Art 3. – The artillery will be commanded by General Saint-Remy; the park by Colonel Gassendi; engineers by the first Marescot inspector of engineers.

Art 4. – Director Dubreton will fulfill the functions chief ordnance officer.

Art 5. – The various corps and the conscripts who must compose this army will start for Dijon at once; they will be confined in the cities, with 20 miles with the round (3).

Art, 6. – The Minister for the war is in charge of the execution of this decree. It will take all the measures to make join together in Dijon all the objects necessary for the armament, clothing, and the equipment of the Army of the Reserve (4).

BONAPARTE.

This decree ready as of the 3 and was addressed the same day to the Minister (5).

The First Consul with the Minister of the war.

Paris, 12th ventôse year 8 (March 3, 1800).

You will find herewith, citizen Minister, a decree for the formation of the Army of the Reserve.

You will hold the totality of this secret decree, by however warning all the individuals who are named there to prepare to leave and by taking all the measures necessary to join together in Dijon the essential subsistence for the provisioning of this army. Its headquarters will be in Dijon, and the artillery park with Auxonne.

You will undoubtedly look at like necessary to direct as soon as possible on Dijon 100,000 pairs of shoes, 40,000 clothes or hoods and other effects of clothing.

Make join together on your premise the director and the various commanders of weapons so that each one presents the organization of his weapon to you.

You will be able to make make in Auxonne the sledges that I had asked you for Grenoble.

BONAPARTE

The Minister for the war in General Dupont.

Paris, 17th ventôse year 8 (March 8, 1800).

The Army of the Reserve is made up of six divisions (6):

1st Division.

24th demi-brigade of light infantry, 43rd, 96th of line.

2nd Division.

6th light, 22nd, 40th of line.

3rd Division.

19th light, 58th, 60th of line.

4th Division.

14 batallions of the Army of the Orient.

5th Division.

17th light, 14th, 30th of line.

6th Division.

Italian legions.

Cavalry.

11th and 12th of hussars.

2nd, 7th, 5th and 21st of chasseurs.

5th, 8th and 9th of dragoons.

1st, 5th and 18th of cavalry,
and 7 squadrons of the Army of the Orient.

It will be given orders so that these corps are put, preferably in the places where they are, in a position to make the campaign (A).

To make a table for the First Consul of the road which each one of these corps must follow to go to Dijon, and the city where the headquarters of each division will be placed.

Alex. BERTHIER (7).

Note hand of Berthier:

(A) I.e. it will be given orders to give to these corps all the objects which they would need to make the war, preferably by exhausting all the resources of the places where they are.

Various plans had been made relative at the zone cantonments.

Berthier, March 7, wanted to extend them from Bar-on-Paddle, Chaumont and Tonnerre in Nevers, Mâcon and Dôle.

The director as a Dubreton commander had proposed a less extended zone, especially in the West.

They are fixed 12th March by a note of Duroc, aide-de-camp of Bonaparte:

Citizen Minister, I have the honor to send the note of the locations to you which the First Consul would wish for each division of reserve (8).

Location of divisions.

1st Division. – Dijon.

2nd Division. – Semur and Saulieu.

3rd Division. – Langres.

4th Division. – Beaune and Nuits.

5th Division. – Gray.

6th Division. – Bourg in Bresse.

Cavalry: Dôle, Saint-Jean-of-Losne, Seurre and Verdun.

The artillery park with Auxonne.

At the same date, 17 ventôse (March 8), the legislative Corps vote a “law relating to the complement of the Army”, and whose capital article is thus designed: “All the French who finished to them twentieth year with the 1st vendémiaire last and which, for this time, has formed the first class of the military conscription, are at the disposal of the Government, to be put in activity of service as the needs for the army require it. ”

The same day, the Consuls take a decree constituting “Regulation on the complement of the Army”. Under the first article: “The conscripts placed at the disposal of the Government by the law of the 17th ventôse year 8 will provide, for the Army of the Reserve, a detachment of 30,000 men. ”

The other articles determine the mode of call of the conscripts, who must be brought together before April 5 with the chief town of their department, and, from there, framed by reformed officers, to be directed on Dijon.

The replacement is allowed under certain conditions and with the help of a payment of 100 francs intended for the clothing of the substitute.

Severe penalties are enacted against any conscript, réquisitionnaire or substitute, who would not join within the allowed time (9).

At the same time, the Government seeks to excite patriotism:

PROCLAMATION

Consuls of the Republic to the French.

Paris, 17th ventôse year 8 (March 8, 1800).

French,

You wish peace….

To command it, one needs money, iron and soldiers. That all hasten to pay the tribute which they owe with common defense. How the young citizens rise! It is not any more for factions, it is not any more for the choice of the tyrants that they will be armed: it is for the guarantee of all that they have moreover expensive; it is for the honor of France! it is for the sacred interests of Humanity!

….

Consuls ordered

….

Art 2. – All the old soldiers who would have obtained their leave; all those which, even belonging to the companies of veterans, are still in a position to make the campaign; all young people (10) of the requisition and the conscription, will be summoned, in the name of the honor, by a proclamation of the prefects and generals commanding divisions, to join their flags before 15th germinal (11).

Those who would not be attachés with any corps will return to the headquarters of the Army of the Reserve, in Dijon, where they will be armed and equipped. The First Consul will review them in the current of germinal.

Art 3. – French citizens others that those named in article 2 which, in this extraordinary circumstance, will want to accompany the First Consul and to take part in the dangers and the glory of the nearest campaign, will be made register in the prefects and sub-prefects.

The Minister for the war will give the orders necessary so that they are formed in voluntary batallions (12).

Those which would have the means of getting horses will be formed in voluntary squadrons. They will be definitively organized in Dijon and the officers will be named by the First Consul (13).

The First Consul with the young French.

Paris, 29th ventôse year 8 (March 20, 1800).

The First Consul receives much letters of young citizens hastened to testify their attachment with the Republic to him and the desire which they have to join the efforts that it will make to conquer peace. Touched from their devotion, it receives from it the insurance with a keen interest; glory awaits them in Dijon. It is when it sees them joined together under the flags of the Army of the Reserve which it is reserved to thank them and to applaud their zeal (14).

BONAPARTE.

Proclamation with the Young French.

Paris, the 1st floréal year 8 (April 21, 1800).

….

….

Young French, if you are jealous to take part in such an amount of glory, to contribute to successes which must at the same time confuse the malevolent interiors and the machiavelic policy of the cabinet of Saint-James; if you are jealous to be of an army intended to finish the war of the Revolution, by ensuring independence, the freedom and the glory of the great nation To the weapons! with the weapons! run to Dijon (15).

The General Mathieu Dumas is charged with the organization of the volunteer. A payment on their recruitment, their clothing, their pay, etc, is published 20th March (16).

Four days afterwards, it is created corps of national veterans (17), comprehending 10 demi-brigades, each of 3 batallions with 6 companies.

Volunteer and veterans did not appear in great number in the first Army of the Reserve. The situation of the 25th April introduces only 353 veterans and 120 voluntary hussars and that of the 21st May carries 150 voluntary hussars and not only one veteran (18). Some companies of veterans appear in June and May on the situation of the Army of the Reserve of second line, in the interior of France.

***

10th ventôse (March 1). the First Consul indicates to the Minister the principal general officers having to belong to the Army of the Reserve:

…. You will send General Sauret to command in Geneva.

You will give the order to General Bernadotte, Macdonald, Chambarlhac, Lannes, Broussier, Marescot and Saint-Remy to train their crews, to enter without delay to campaign, like in the adjutants general Hulin, Herbin and Noguès….

Brigadier General Vignolle is sent 12th March in Dijon, with the title of “provisional commander general staff”.

With your arrival in Dijon, citizen General, writes the Minister to him, you will establish an active correspondence with the generals commanding various divisions of the Army of the Reserve, on all the objects of the service….(19).

While the troops are moving towards Dijon, the high personnel of the army is supplemented.

The Minister for the war to the Daru citizen.

Germinal Paris, 8th year 8 (March 29, 1800).

You will dispatch the order with the generals to go hereafter to Dijon, headquarters of the Army of the Reserve, where they are employed and where they will receive orders on their particular destinations and the troops which they must command:

General Victor, General Macdonald, General Duhesme, General Watrin , General Broussier, General Rivaud, General Gobert, General Houdetot, General Malher, General Musnier, young General Gilly, General Gency; the adjutant generals Delort, Hake and Mériage; General Lannes, General Duvignau, General Kellermann, General Simon.

It will be necessary that these generals are returned to Dijon 15th germinal.

Alex. BERTHIER.

The Minister for the war to the Daru citizen.

Germinal Paris, 11th year 8 (April 1, 1800)

Dispatch notifications of command with Major General Dupont, to name it general chief of staff of the Army of the Reserve (20).

Notification of command with Brigadier General Vignolle, assistant of the chief of staff of the Army of the Reserve.

Commission, for General Macdonald (21), of lieutenant of the general-in-chief of the Army of the Reserve.

Commission, for General Victor, of lieutenant of the general-in-chief of the Army of the Reserve.

Commission, for the major general….(22), of lieutenant of the general-in-chief of the Army of the Reserve (23).

Etc, etc….

Alex. BERTHIER.

Decree.

Germinal Paris, 12th year 8 (April 2, 1800).

Bonaparte, First Consul of the Republic, ordered what follows:

General Berthier, Minister for the war, are named general-in-chief of the Army of the Reserve (24).

Signed: BONAPARTE.

By the First Consul,

The Secretary of State

HUGUES B. MARET.

Decree.

Germinal Paris, 12th year 8 (April 2, 1800).

Bonaparte, First Consul of the Republic, ordered what follows:

The citizen Carnot (25), general inspector with the Reviews, is named Ministre for the war.

Signed: BONAPARTE, etc

The First Consul with General Berthier.

Germinal Paris, 12th year 8 (April 2, 1800).

The military talents of which you gave so many evidence, citizen General, and the confidence of the Government, call you with the command of an army. You have, during the winter, reorganized the Ministry of War; you provided, as much as the circumstances allowed it, the needs for our armies. It remains you to lead, during spring and the summer, our soldiers with the victory, effective means to arrive at peace and to consolidate the Republic.

Receive, I request from you, citizen General, testimonys of satisfaction of the Government on your control with the Ministry (26).

BONAPARTE

Alexandre Berthier, general-in-chief, with General Dupont, chief of staff of the Army of the Reserve.

Germinal Paris, 16th year 8 (April 6, 1800).

You will give the orders necessary to make leave 18th for Dijon all the crews the headquarters, except for an aide-de-camp for you and of for me; all the others will leave with the crews. You will make dispatch orders of road consequently.

Give orders to all the generals and adjutant generals, belonging to the Army of the Reserve, to be returned to Dijon 20th germinal.

Alex. BERTHIER.

8th April, Berthier convenes in Dijon, for 15th April, the generals Saint-Remy (27), commanding artillery, and Marescot, commanding the engineers, with all the officers of their staffs.

It makes write by Dupont with the commanding general artillery:

Recommend hurry on on Auxonne all that can still be on the rear.

Prevent it that the campaign will open and that it activates all the objects necessary, and particularly all that relates to the crews of mountain.

***

The meeting of the depots of the Army of the Orient and the remains of the most tested demi-brigades Army of Italy was the first grouping of the Army of the Reserve.

As of December 5, 1799, the First Consul had prevented General Clarke:

…. My intention is to form fourteen batallions of 1000 to 1200 men, carrying each one the name of one of the demi-brigades which are in Egypt, and to incorporate in these batallions all the individuals of these corps which are at present in France….

A few days afterwards, the various depots of the Army of the Orient were directed on Châlon-sur-Saône and Mâcon, and General Gautier, inspector general with the reviews, was to organize them “as batallions and squadrons with the batallions die conscripts intended to supplement the cadres (28) of them”.

19th December appeared the decree which created the 14 new batallions, made up each of 12 companies (29).

At the end of January, it is decided that these batallions will be of continuation carried to 1000 men, by means of the conscripts arriving to Lyon, as they are armed and equipped (30).

Moreover, General Gautier receives, 11th February, 4,000 men of the department of Saone-et-Loire and the conscripts remained in Yonne and Nievre.

The batallions of the Army of the Orient are grouped, 14th February, in 4 demi-brigades, divided in the cantonments of Mâcon, Chalon, Seurre and Saint-Jean-of-Losne (31).

General Chabran (32), whose “headquarters will be in Châlon-sur-Saône”, will command this division, which “will bear the name of the 1st division of the Army of the Reserve (33)”, and to which will be attachés “three pieces of 8 and one howitzer of 6 inches, been useful by light artillery; two pieces of 12, four of 8 and two howitzers, been useful by the foot artillery”.

21st March, 5 batallions only had joined.

ARMY OF THE RESERVE. – the 1st Division.

Table of the force and the location of the aforesaid division to the 30th ventôse year 8 of the French Republic one and indivisible.

Commanding general division. CHABRAN, major general.
Aide-de-camps TEST and BERGER, majors.

Headquarters:

Adjutant general, provisional chief of staff. PRÉVOST, brigadier general.
Associated with the adjutant generals. QUESNEL and HAKE, lieutenants.
DENOMINATION
CORPS
OFFICERS PRESENT under arms: warrant officers and soldiers. COMBATANTS. INCLUDED in the strength. TOTAL OF the STRENGTH, included officers. HORSES of officers. LOCATION of the corps.
present. absent. at the hospitals. on leave or detached.
Batallion complé-
mentaire
9th of line 38 4 466 436 25 533 9 in Givry.
13th of line 60 6 634 610 24 63 787 15 in Mâcon.
69th of line 45 6 528 579 110 29 719 7 in Chalon.
75th of line. 42 4 724 669 25 30 770 in Sennecv.
21st light. 600 (1) in Cluny.
12th company of
5th of foot artillery
2 2 41 40 9 21 85 4 in Bourg-Nine.
Artillery detachment,
School of Grenoble
16 16 16 in Bourg-Nine.
TOTALS. 187 22 2,409 2,950 193 143 2,910 35

(1) In spite of the reiterated requests made with the commander of the 21st light, it was not possible to obtain the situation of the corps which it commands.

The generals of brigade, adjutant generals and colonels who are announced did not still appear.

The weapons miss, especially since the incorporation of the auxiliary batallions, which did not receive any.

22nd March, there were 4,500 infantrymen present the weapons at Mâcon, Chalon and surroundings (34).

In order to enlarge the strength, it is ordered, 26th, that “all the officers and soldiers who returned or who will return from the Army of the Orient, will be directed from Toulon on Châlon-sur-Saône, to join their demi-brigades”.

In spite of these measures, the organization continues slowly.

22nd March, General Chabran complains with the Minister:

…. I make a point much of training soldiers and I would wish to have them under the eyes as much as possible. Inform me, citizen Minister, if it does not enter the intention of the First Consul and yours to make camp the troops under my orders, and, in this case, give, I request from you, of the precise orders, so that this measure is carried out. I see there many advantages for the soldier and a great relief for the inhabitants of the country.

The weapons miss (35)….

The pay of the officers is always late and the complaints redouble…. Yesterday morning, a species of revolt appeared among the drivers of an artillery convoy. The reason was the arrear of pay….

April 6, it renews its complaints (36):

…. The troops are without pay.

The officers, infinitely postponed in this respect, do not have any more means of remaining.

…. It is impossible to the soldiers to face their engagements…….

…. I could not yet obtain weapons. This delay makes much languish the instruction.

***

The order to form an Italian Legion in Dijon was given 19th December 1799; the Italian General Lechi was put at his head and the Commissioner of War, Bondurand, charged of his organization.

On the observation of the administrators of the department of Côte-d'Or, the Minister authorized, 13th February, the commanding general the 18th division military (37) “to distribute a portion of these troops in the communes close to Dijon and most likely to offer suitable locations .....”

March 1, the First Consul written with the Minister of the war:

…. You will activate the organization of the Italian legions, in manner that they can enter to campaign in germinal (38). If there were detachments of these legions in above Provence; you will make them at once start to join together them in the various positions of the Saone and above Burgundy (39).

General Lechi had near him a French General; it was, 12th March, the General Monnier (40), which was replaced soon by the Rey General “charged supérieurement with the organization of the Italian Legion (41)”.

13th, in order to leave the free position has Dijon for the many troops which were going to arrive there, the Minister orders to make some leave the Italian Legion, 21st, for Bourg.

The departure was carried out into two or three columns.

Lechi, commanding general the Italian Legion and A. Bondurand, Commissioner of War with the Minister for the war.

Dijon, 2 germinal year 8 (March 23, 1800).

Citizen Minister,

The troops of the Italian Legion left for Bourg, according to your orders; the last column was started today. They are animated better spirit. A few days of rest, of the clothes to cover their nudity, the weapons to fight, and the Government can count on the devotion of the men who, so far, tested all kinds of deprivations without murmuring.

The board of directors remains three days here, to receive the accounts of the boards of directors of the corps of the dissolved Italian troops and to open all its registers. We will successively inform you of all its operations.

Salute and respect.

BONDURAND, LECHI.

Soon, General Lechi requires that the Italian Legion (42) be concentrated.

Lechi, brigadier general, commanding the Italian Legion, with the Minister for the war.

Paris, the 1st floréal year 8 (April 21, 1800).

Citizen Minister,

The Italian Legion, at the moment of its organization, should undoubtedly have been joined together in only one position; then one could have occupied oneself with fruit of his instruction. It was sent to Bourg; the prefect of the department of Ain made distribute in all the communes of his district, and it is divided there by companies. I will not paint you the disadvantages of this measure; it is easy to feel that it harms enormously the order and the discipline which must reign in corps lately formed. The moment when the legion will be armed and equipped approach, and it would be quite necessary whereas it was joined together in a single place.

I have the honor to ask you, consequently, to send the corps which I have the honor to command in Moulins or Besancon. There is in one and the other these two cities the barracks sufficient for all the men who make it up, and they are in the district of the Army of the Reserve.

Salute and respect.

LECHI

P.S. – the destitution in which the legion is, which is in an alarming nudity and without weapons, makes fear that it is not believed abandoned and delivered to its misery. It is thus urgent that it is placed in a strong position, in order to prevent the desertions, if the excess of the misery of the men which make it up could carry some of them there, and if the Army of the Reserve had suddenly shaken and that the legion had no possibility to make its movement.

LECHI

As of two days later, the Minister orders to join together the Italian Legion in the same city, by leaving the choice to General Berthier.

It was concentrated in Bourg, where its organization was supplemented.

Dijon, 6 floréal year 8 (April 26, 1800).

The general-in-chief, considering that there is a considerable number officers of all ranks (43) which could not find position in the organization of the Italian Legion , and wanting to offer to these Italian brave men a new occasion to be useful for the common cause;

Considering the wish that they expressed to be armed with muskets like volunteer, ordered:

Art 1st. – The officers of all ranks which are following the Italian Legion will be armed and trained in companies, like the companies of infantry of the legion.

Art 2. – These companies of officers will be distributed in the batallions of the Italian Legion and will make the same service.

Art 3. – The officers who will compose these companies will continue to receive their treatment of reform and will be paid totality of the salaries of their rank when they are on the territory currently occupied by the enemy.

Art 4. – The General (44) is charged with their organization; it will submit its work to the general-in-chief in the second decade of floréal.

Alex. BERTHIER.

Dijon, 6 floréal year 8 (April 26, 1800).

The general-in-chief ordered:

The warrant officers, who belonged to the Italian corps and which were not included in the organization of the Italian Legion, will be divided in the companies of the batallions of the legion and will be useful after. They will be placed in foot as it is occupied of the employments of their rank.

Alex. BERTHIER.

Paris, 14th floréal year 8 (May 4, 1800).

Consuls of the Republic ordered what follows:

Art 1st. – All the Italians taken refuge in France, in consequence of the invasion of Italy by the imperial armies will go to Bourg, department of Ain.

Art 2. – Is excluded of this provision, the old women, children and men of more than sixty years.

Art 3. – The Minister for the war will give orders so that all the corps, depots and detachments of Italian troops go to Bourg (45).

Art 4. – The helps granted to the Italian refugees will be paid only in Bourg.

Art 5. – The Ministers of the war, the police force and the foreign relations are charged, each one in what relates to it, of the execution of this decree (46).

BONAPARTE.

The following situation was established at the Ministry of War, at the office of the movement of the troops, the date of the 14th floréal year 8 (May 4, 1800).

Italian troops stationed on the territory of the Republic.

DENOMINATION OF THE CORPS. LOCATION. FORCE. OBSERVATIONS.
 
Italian Legion. 6 batallions of infantry. in Bourg. 3,130
2 squadrons of chasseurs (47). in Bourg 391
1st artillery company. in Bourg 75
 
Detachments
who must
to join
the Italian Legion,
in Bourg
(army
of reserve).
Adriatic hussars. in Aix. 41
Gunners cisalpins. in Antibes. 41
Gunners Piedmontese. in Antibes. 15
Veterans Piedmontese. in Sassenaye. 71
Depot of the Maltese legion. in Condrieux. 40
Grenadiers Piedmontese. in Bussala. 46
Gunners lucquois and cisalpins. in Nice. 55
In the hospitals. 371
 
1st regiment. Cisalpine Hussars. (47) in Auxerre. 350 Partile 1st floréal
for Bourg.
Cisalpine Hussars. in Aix. 34
TOTAL OF THE STRENGTH (48). 4,660

***

Paris left for the Army of the Reserve (49):

The 1st division, become Chambarlhac's division;

The 5th division, become Boudet's division;

The major part of the cavalry;

Consular Guard.

The First Consul with the Minister of the war.

Paris, 18th ventôse year 8 (March 9, 1800).

The 1st division of the Army of the Reserve, made up of:

24th light;

43rd and 96th of line;

of 12 artillery pieces,

commanded by the brigadier general Chambarlhac, the review of the First Consul (50) will pass 25th and will leave 26th for Dijon.

11th and 12th of hussars;

8th and 9th of dragoons.
commanded by the brigadier general Nansouty, will pass the review 25th and will leave 28th.

1st, 5th and 18th of cavalry.

5th and 7th of dragoons;

15th of chasseurs,
will pass the review 25th and will leave the 2 germinal (51).

BONAPARTE

Chambarlhac's division.

Chambarlhac's division (52) very whole share of Paris, 17th March, going to Dijon, by the road of Burgundy, in 12 stages, is, with 2 stays, of 14 days (53).

The Chambarlhac General with the Lefebvre General which commands as a commander 14th, 15th and the 17th military divisions.

Avallon, 5 germinal year 8 (March 26, 1800).

I hasten, my dear Général, to announce to you that since the departure of the column of which I have the command, of Paris downtown this, our loss as deserters is not what the fame will have been able to carry you. It is weak, and still then I to count on many soldiers absent, that the proximity of their country called, but that the love for the Republic will recall to the flags in Dijon.

The column bivouacked (54). Some municipalities, which, having been prevented only by me, did not have time to provide the objects necessary to the bivouac, made me confine.

The troop marches with order; one owes it with the military zeal of the commanders.

I hope to be pleased to kiss you soon. While waiting, the town of Avallon gives us, this evening, concert and ball for our relaxation. Friendly salute.

CHAMBARLHAC

P.S. – State of the deserted men:

The 24th lost 54 men.
The 43rd 194
The 96th 50 (55).

Financial statement of the 1st division of the Army of the Reserve at the time from the 5 germinal year 8 (March 26, 1800) (56).

Commanding general division. CHAMBARLHAC.
Adjutant general, chief of staff. DELORT.
Aide-de-camps BOUDINHON, commander of squadron.
PRADEL, captain.
Associated with the adjutant generals BOREL, commander of squadron.
COMBES, lieutenant.
DENOMINATION OF THE CORPS. OFFICERS including the staff. FORCE at the beginning of Paris. DESERTED. ENTERED at the hospitals. PRESENT under arms. OBSERVATIONS.
24th Demi-brigade of light infantry 83 2,531 54 37 2,440 Artillery drivers
not being
complete at the beginning
from Paris, the General
commanding authorized
the commander of this
arm to take in
composing corps
column men
of goodwill which,
arrived to Dijon, will return
in theirs
respective corps.
43rd Demi-brigade of infantry of line 131 2,749 194 77 2,478
96th Demi-brigade of infantry of line 93 2,775 50 84 2,641
307 8,055 298 198 7,559
Artillery.
Personnel 103
Id. crews 200
Material of the crew, horses 376
Material of artillery.
Guns of 8. 8
Howitzers of 6 inches. 4
Mountings of replacement of 8. 2
Id. howitzers. 2
Caissons charged with 8. 24
Id. howitzers 14
Id. cartridges of musket 20
Id. cartridges of gun 1
Id. of park 1
Wagons of division 5
Forges 2
TOTAL OF THE TRANSPORTS 83

In Avallon, 5 germinal year 8 republican.

Certified the state above true, in conformity with those which were given to me by the commanders of corps.

The Adjutant general, DELORT.

Chambarlhac's division arrives 30th March to Dijon.

General Vignolle (57), provisional commander staff, writing on this date:

…. I go ahead of of the 1st division, which will arrive; all is ready subsistence and housing….

It was not without difficulties that housing could have been prepared by the director Dubreton, which returned account the two days before of the measures captures:

…. I borrowed yesterday three thousand francs, I warn you, citizen Minister, to make clean, empty, repair the barracks of the position. The prisoners, the cisalpins, with which it was not possible to always make distributions, and which, undoubtedly, were not sufficiently supervised, very crushed there, burned, damaged….

But these 8,000 men appeared a too heavy charge to the inhabitants of Dijon and, April 2, General Vignolle wrote with the Minister:

…. After me to be concerted with the Chambarlhac General and the director, I placed at the-on-Bast the 24th demi-brigade of light infantry (58), according to the authorities of the prefect, to relieve the town of Dijon….

A little later the 43rd was placed at Gevrey. The 96th only lived Dijon with artillery.

The depots of the 24th light, 43rd and 96th of line were. remained temporarily in Paris. 13th April, the First Consul ordered to direct them on Dijon, where, according to the instructions of the Minister, they had to arrive on May 4.

Boudet's division.

According to the of line order of the 8th March, the 5th division, under the orders of General Boudet, comprehend the 17th light, 14th and 30th of line.

These two last must, before 22nd March, being “carried at least to 1500 men and clothing and armament in good condition (59)”.

14th receives counter-order (60).

Two batallions of the 30th leave Paris 21st April (61) and arrive May the 2 or 3 to Dijon (62), where joined the 3rd batallion, party of Spray (63).

The 17th light leaves Aix in Provence 22nd March and must reach Dijon in the middle of April (64). One it ordered a stage before this city and one makes it confine in Beaune and “in the surrounding villages (65)”, 16th April.

28th, it goes to Dijon, where it reviewed by the First Consul on May 7; 16th, it returns to Beaune and is intended to enter the formation of a new division with 6 batallions of the Army of the Orient (66).

But this measure is not applied and the 17th light leaves Beaune only 13th July, to go to Geneva and, from there, the Army of the Rhine (67).

The 39th of line which, like the preceding one, belonged to the Army of Italy and had been indicated 14th April, did not join either the Army of the Reserve.

On the other hand, the First Consul had decided, 8th March, that the 59th demi-brigade would enter the composition of this army. It makes direct “in right-hand side line on Dijon the batallion which is in the 1st division (68)” and invites following Paris “the two batallions which are in the 15th division, in order to supplement their clothing and armament (69)”.

April 6, it makes give the order to leave “to the two batallions the 59th which are in the 17th division and with its depot (70)”, and it adds: “You will make also leave six pieces 4 and 8, captures among those of Paris, harnessed and with their provisioning, for the park of Auxonne”.

The order of the First Consul accepted an immediate execution, because the Minister wrote 9th April with General Berthier:

“…. Two batallions of the 59th demi-brigade and her depot, which will arrive to Dijon 30th germinal (71)….” .

At the end of their march, these two batallions accepted, 18th April, the order “to burn the stage of Sombernon” and to come, 19th, of Vitteaux in Dijon. Following day 20, they were sent to Mirebeau, where the 3rd batallion was confined since April 2.

The 59th and 30th of line formed Boudet's division (72), with the 9th light (73).

Cavalry.

The Nansouty General, commanding the 4 regiments of cavalry (74), with which a light artillery company was associated, is replaced, 15th March, by the brigadier general Rivaud, which receives the following instructions:

…. These troops will have to march in column of road and order of war….; they will march joined together until Dôle. Arrived in this commune, 8th and 9th regiments. dragoons will move on Seurre; where they will remain stationed, and 1e 11th regiment of hussars, the two squadrons of the 12th of hussars, as well as the light artillery company, will remain in the commune of Dôle, where you will await new orders.

This division of cavalry comprehended (75):

2 squadrons of 11th hussars. 230 men.
3 12th 400
3 15th chasseurs (76). 220
2 9th dragoons. 200
3 8th 400
1450 men (77).

It is put moving in two columns, the 28 and 29 ventôse (March 19 and 20) (78).

The route, which was initially to be the same one as that of the infantry, was modified 12th March (79).

“…. It (the First Consul) would also wish that the cavalry took the road of Champagne to go in its cantonments of Dôle, Saint-Jean-of-Losne, Seurre and Verdun (80)….” The cavalry of Rivaud arrived in its cantonments at the days below (81):

8th (83) and 9th of dragoons (82), at Seurre, April 5.

11th (83) and 12th of hussars, at Dôle, April 4.

Artillery, at Dôle, April 4.

15th of chasseurs was to arrive at the Verdun-on-Saone on April 6. Its departure having been delayed seven days, one can admit that it arrived in this point 13th.

These regiments had left quite incomplete, and it was not without difficulty that one managed to send reinforcements to them.

…. The regiments of cavalry, citizen Minister, have very great needs. My aide-de-camp, which has just traversed the depots, ensures me that we have 3,000 men who cannot enter to campaign, in the absence of saddles and of clothes….(84)

April 6, the depot of the 12th of hussars and the “assembled men” of the 12th of hussars, 15th from chasseurs, 9th from dragoons, accepted the order “to leave in the decade, to go to Dijon to belong to the Army of the Reserve”.

After several counter-orders, they are reflected on the way: those of the 12th of hussars, 10th April; those of 9th of dragoons, 15th of chasseurs and 11th of hussars, May 2.

Apart from 15th chasseurs and the 4 regiments of the Rivaud column, other horsemen leave the surroundings of Paris successively.

“2nd of cavalry and its depot” (85) arrives to Dijon 21st April (86), and is sent 22nd to Genlis, where it remains until May 8.

3rd of cavalry Compiegne leaves on May 2, like its depot (87).

Leave the same day, without making stay: two squadrons of 5th of dragoons, a squadron of 1st of hussars, a squadron of 1st and 5th of cavalry (88).

The number of the regiments of cavalry sent entirely or partly, the surroundings of Paris to the Army of the Reserve, is thus eleven (89).

Lastly, 7th from chasseurs, stationed to Dijon, passes from the Army of Italy to the Army of the Reserve, 27th March (90). 20th April, it is directed on Plombières (91).

Consular Guard.

A first detachment of the guard leaves Paris 11th April. The aide-de-camp Lauriston (92) is charged to announce “on all the road…. that part of the guards must leave Paris primidi” (21 germinal – April 11), and to make “prepare housing for 300 on foot grenadiers and 200 grenadiers or horse artillerymen….”

All was not organized perfectly on this road, and Lauriston wrote, of Corbeil, 10th April:

The service of the stages is done very badly in this department.

…. The étapier of Corbeil could not provide any more the food and fodder, fault of means, being in advance from 4 to 5,000 francs with this Company (This Ribet).

The étapier of Villeneuve-Saint-George, where I passed yesterday, can nothing any more provide for the same reason….

This detachment of the guard arrives to Dijon 25th or 26th April and is established 30th with the old intendance. arranged for the First Consul (93).

Another fraction follows soon:

The First Consul with the Minister of the war.

Germinal Paris, 22nd year 8 (April 12, 1800).

I request from you, citizen Minister, to give the order to a detachment of the Consular Guard, composed of 300 on foot grenadiers, 100 on horse grenadiers, half of the light artillery company, with 6 artillery pieces and all the caissons, provisioning, forges, etc, which are with the park of the guard, to leave 24th this month to go to Dijon.

I wish that you take the most economic measures to recompose a division of 6 harnessed artillery pieces.

This division will be attaché with the guard which remains in Paris, will replace that which leaves and will be been useful by the remaining half of the on horse artillery company (94).

The last detachment of the guard (95), 200 on horse men, 400 on foot and 6 pieces, under the orders of the Bessières colonel, left Paris 29th April (96).

***

The troops coming from the Army of the West were (97):

The 2nd division, become Watrin's division (three demi-brigades);

The 3rd division, become Loison's division (two demi-brigades);

The 7th division, become Monnier's division (two demi-brigades);

A demi-brigade of Boudet's division;

Three regiments of cavalry;

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Dijon Movement

Watrin's division and Loison.

The First Consul with General Brune (98), commanding the Army of the West.

Paris, 11th ventôse year 8 (March 2, 1800).

…. It will be decided in fifteen days if the campaign will open or not; and, in case which we must make it, I have of very vast plans. An Army of the Reserve that I will form and of which I will reserve myself the command, and in which you will be employed, must be made up of the 40th, 58th, 6th light, 60th, 22nd demi-brigades.

These five demi-brigades are with your army. If the events allow it, make leave them in the next decade, by forming some two divisions. Provide to each division 6 artillery pieces. With one you will attach the 22nd (99) of chasseurs, and with the other, 2nd of chasseurs. Direct them on Dijon. Make march them by division; it is the best means than there is no desertion. Pass the review and make know to me the state of their needs and their number. Update their pay. Nantes must be able to offer some hood resources, shoes, etc to you

Make command divisions above by a very good brigadier general and a good adjutant general (100).

I make leave 17th or the 14th military division, the 24th light, the 43rd and the 96th, as well as a dozen squadrons. This division also leaves primidi to form the Army of the Reserve.

Send to the Minister for the war the order of road which you will give to your divisions, in order to it is where to take them, to direct them on the precise points that they will have to occupy.

Make know to me if you believe that there is possibility of removing other troops of the West, and, in this case, which will be the corps most suitable to make the large war.

This movement must make you feel how much it is necessary to activate all the measures. The grass soon will start to grow, and the opening hour of the campaign will sound (101).

….

BONAPARTE

These provisions are made available of the Minister, which is advised, moreover, that the 6th light, the 22nd and the 40th will form the 2nd division of the Army of the Reserve; 60th and 58th, the 3rd division. 12th March, the First Consul written with General Brune:

…. You know how much the words make the soldiers: thus, make known with the various demi-brigades that they compose 2nd and the 3rd divisions of the Army of the Reserve.

The corps converged of Tours and Rennes (102) towards Orleans, from where they took the common route (103):

De Courtenay, the 3rd division moved on Langres by Sens, Villeneuve-on-Valve, Troyes, Vendeuvre, Bar-on-Paddle and Chaumont.

The 60th settles in Chaumont towards 10th April; the 58th with Langres towards 13th of the same month.

By leaving Courtenay, the 2nd division took the road of Dijon by Joigny, Auxerre, Vermenton, Avallon, Semur or Saulieu and Chanceaux (104).

The 40th arrives at Semur towards April 6, the 6th light in Saulieu towards 8th and the 22nd with Chanceaux 12th (105).

2nd and 21st of chasseurs were a little behind; they reach unit Dijon 16th April and confine the following day, 2nd in Tolmay, the 21st in the Pontailler-on-Saone, where they remain until the first days of May.

As for artillery, one misses intelligence on his march; but it appears certain that it confined in Auxonne.

The road was not done without incidents:

Mériage, adjutant general with the Minister for the war.

Germinal Orleans, 8th year 8 (March 29, 1800).

…. Thus, the 6th light and the 60th, making the same march, would have left tomorrow for Chàteauneuf, without an order of the Santerre General, commanding in Orleans, which gave stay 9th to the 60th demi-brigade, in order to avoid the obstruction of the two corps leaving the same day for the same lodgments…….

MÉRIAGE

Mériage, adjutant general with the Minister for the war.

Feel, 15th germinal year 8 (April 5, 1800).

Citizen Minister,

In the march that I made from Rennes with the 60th demi-brigade, forming the advance guard of the 3rd division of the Army of the Reserve, I admitted the large necessity to name a colonel with these corps, there to restore the order and the discipline and to stop progress of the desertion.

It was only through care which the majors put a term at the disorder of the march. These officers had felt that it was imprudent to give, in only one payment, one month and half of postponed fructidor, touched by the soldier. They wished to give it by successive loans, or to the destination. But with the Arrow, a species of insurrection appeared; in vain the commanders carried the flags, the corps did not want to leave and brought back them. I was warned by the commander; I made come the grenadiers which showed the most resistance and I imposed some to them so that the troop left. I made distribute to Vendôme the arrear of pay.

On another side, I have the honor to return to you account that nearly one hundred men left, without permission, during the march, to go in their country, as they passed from there in the vicinity; it is especially beside Mayenne and of Chartres. If one does not give precise orders to the prefects to make them stop, this example will be disastrous for the corps (106).

I thus invite you, citizen Minister, to take into account the state of these corps, besides made up of old soldiers having made the war and on which one can count, and which commanded by good officers, but to which the defect of commander is very disadvantageous. The commander of Gouault batallion, which has commanded the demi-brigade for seven months, senior officer since 1793, deserves in all connections this advance, if you would not have thrown the eyes on another officer.

Salute and respect.

MÉRIAGE

Annotation put in margin:

Returned with General Dupont.

Monnier's division.

The First Consul with the Minister of the war.

Paris, the 1st germinal year 8 (March 22, 1800).

20th of cavalry, the 13th of light infantry and the 70th of line are with the Army of the West since the beginning of the war; it is suitable, under all the reports, that these three corps leave and are put from there on line.

Send the order, by a special courier, with General Brune to make leave these three corps under the denomination the 7th division of the Army of the Reserve (107), for Dijon, with 6 artillery pieces.

General Brune will name a brigadier general and an adjutant general to lead these troops.

Thus, General Brune will have provided Army of the West for the Army of the Reserve 2nd and 21st of chasseurs, and 20th of cavalry.

6th, two batallions of 9th and the 13th of light infantry. 22nd, 40th, 58th, 60th and 70th of line.

….

….

BONAPARTE

The same order is renewed on April 6, and the First Consul adds: “These corps (13th light, 70th of line, 20th of cavalry) (108) successively the ones will march after the others, in order to avoid the damage which make necessarily a troop which bivouacs. ”

These elements did not remain not grouped.

20th from cavalry (109) passed to the division of Murat cavalry.

The 13th light went in Loison's division.

The 70th formed Monnier's division with the 44th, arrival of the Army of the Rhine, the 72nd and the 19th light.

Indeed, the 72nd of line, in garrison in Caen, is started at the same time for Dijon, in order to enter the composition of the 7th division; while the 19th light leaves to belong to Loison's division.

28th April, the Minister orders with the 72nd, 70th of line, 19th and 13th light, to hasten their march and to double the stages (110).

The 13th light has “a batallion arriving to Dijon 10th floréal, followed by the two other batallions of these corps (111)”. Arrival thus earlier on the basis of concentration, it replaces the 19th light in Loison's division, by order of the First Consul of the 26th April.

The same order fixes the new composition of the 7th division, become 6th, the Italian Legion not having more number.

The 70th passes to Dijon 8th May and reached Lake Geneva 14th.

The 19th light was to be in Langres towards 10th May; it does not remain either in the area of the Saone and arrives on the lake 17th.

The 72nd gains Dijon, by insulated batallion, between 14th and 18th May, and sets out again about it of continuation for the Great Saint Bernard.

The Schilt General commands this division during a few weeks; he makes write of Paris to the Minister, 28th April, to claim the startup detachments of the 70th and 13th light, which had remained in Brittany (112). He is replaced, 29th April, by General Gardanne (113).

I request from you, citizen Minister, to give the order to General Gardanne to go to Dijon there to take the command of the 6th division of the Army of the Reserve, made up of 19th, 70th and 72nd demi-brigades of line.

General Monnier (114) succeeds to him 14th May with the head of this division, which is reinforced by the 44th demi-brigade, already established in the Valais Alps.

Boudet's division.

The 9th light had with the Army of the Rhine a batallion which “was directed on Lausanne, where it will remain until new order (115)”. This batallion, strength of 800 men, passes 16th April to Vevey, going in Valais Alps (116).

The two other batallions which were with the Army of the West are directed on Dijon (117). where they arrive 20th April. They leave the following day there, marching by Auxonne, Dôle, Mount-under-Vaudrey and Saline (118) on Poligny, which they reach 24th, with the strength of 1200 men (119). The municipality of this city writes with General Berthier to state that the food are not ensured and to ask “food products and money (120)”.

The 9th light forms Boudet's division, with the 59th and the 30th of line (see p. 63 and 65).

***

The strength of the majority of the artillery detachments is given by the “indicative table of the corps moving to go to the Army of the Reserve” and their arrival and starting dates by a letter of advice of the 29th March of the Minister to Vignolle.

The table below summarizes this various intelligence:

DETACHMENTS. FORCE. DEPARTURE. ARRIVAL.
Artillery detachment leading 12 pieces and 6 caissons. 380 Tours.
10th comp. of 6th reg. of artill. on foot. 100 Paris.
4th id. 5th id. on horse. 67 Paris.
5th id. 1st id. on foot. 100 of Evreux, March 16. in Auxonne, April 4.
11th id. 6th id. id. 85 of Maestrich, March 16. in Auxonne, April 6.
12th id. 6th id. id. 86
12th id. 1st id. id. 102 Le Havre, March 17. in Auxonne, April 10.
2nd company of workmen of artillery. 88 from Nantes, March 17. in Auxonne, April 11.
4th id. id. 88 from Rennes, March 20. in Auxonne, April 14.
5th comp. of 6th reg. of artill. on foot. 114 of Bréda, March 22. in Auxonne, April 19.
5th id. 7th id. id. 85
6th id. 7th id. id. 85
5th comp. of miners coming from Metz. 96 Metz.
3rd comp. of the 3rd batallion of sappers coming from the surroundings of Jamose. 300. Jamose.

Divisions should have arrived in the zone of concentration:

Chambarlhac's division with 12 pieces.
Cavalry 6
Guard 12
Boudet's division 6
Watrin's division 6
Loison's division 6
Monnier's division 6

maybe, on the whole, 54 pieces of ordnance.

All these pieces did not arrive in the area of Dijon; but the army found: with Besancon, two howitzers; with Auxonne, five pieces of 8 and one rather great number of pieces of 4 available (121); and, later, in Geneva, four pieces of 4 (122).

As for the crews and the weapons, they are the subject of the following orders:

The First Consul with the Minister of the war.

Paris, 21st ventôse year 8 (March 12, 1800).

There is, citizen Minister, with the depot of Mons, 250 horses draft which do not have a destination. Couldn't one direct them on Auxonne to be used for the crew of the Army of the Reserve?

BONAPARTE.

The First Consul with the Minister of the war.

Germinal Paris, 16th year 8 (April 6, 1800).

…. Make also leave in the decade the mountings sledges, which were built in Paris, as well as the muskets and other objects necessary to artillery of the Army of the Reserve…….

BONAPARTE

The First Consul with the Minister of the war.

Germinal Paris, 24th year 8 (April 14, 1800).

The ten mounting-sledges, which were made in Paris, did not leave yet. However, the Army of the Reserve cannot make any movement which these mountings did not arrive, since they must be used for its advance guard. I believe that it would be necessary that one charged these ten mounting-sledges on wagons of artillery, and that one made them leave tomorrow, by making them march at great days, without stay.

Prevent the commanding general of the Army of the Reserve of the road which these transports will hold, so that if the need were urgent, it sent the order to them to come by extraordinary means.

BONAPARTE

The First Consul with the Minister of the marine.

Paris, 21st ventôse year 8 (March 12, 1800).

You made, citizen Minister, of the markets with various private individuals of Paris for the supply of a certain quantity of weapons.

As we need some extremely in this moment, I ask you to give the weapons which would be at your disposal with that of the director of the artillery park of the Army of the Reserve.

I greet you,

BONAPARTE.

The muskets (123) were made wait for a long time; one will find almost in each page of the correspondence of Berthier of the pressing requests to make arm his conscripts. The movement of Dijon towards Lausanne was made without the soldiers all being armed; it is only on the edges of Lake Geneva that a sending of Saint-Etienne made it possible to distribute muskets. 12th May, few days before the passage of the Great Saint Bernard. Berthier prescribed that one “makes draw as of tomorrow some rounds from muskets to all the conscripts, that one makes known to them of which eye one reflects to adjust and finally how one charge his musket”.

With regard to the ammunition, the First Consul,…. “ would wish…., that each batallion of the army had its caisson of cartridges of infantry (124)”.

The Minister transmitted at once to the major general Saint-Remy, commanding the artillery of the Army of the Reserve, this order, which was carried out initially only for Chambarlhac's division (125).

***

The commissioner director Dubreton (126) is named, 14th March, director as a commander of the Army of the Reserve, and is sent in Dijon a few days before the arrival of the troops.

Dubreton, director as a commander of the Army of the Reserve with General Berthier, Minister for the war.

Dijon, 4 germinal year 8 (March 25, 1800).

I will not go into long details, citizen Minister, on the provisions of which I occupy myself here to ensure all the services. It will be enough for you summarily to it is:

1. That the service of the bread rations (127), vegetables, etc, will be made notwithstanding the observations of some subcontractors, who, after having required Wanlerberg Company of the enormous prices, would like to still make cancel their engagements;

2. That the service of the meat rations (128) will give us any satisfaction; it is between the hands of one treating on the vigilance of which one can always count;

3. That notwithstanding all my care, all my authorities, I do not see anything being carried out for fodder which can tranquillize. I wish to be mistaken, but I take place well to fear that this service is not, before, compromised little. I will come from all my forces to the help of the contractor; but would be needed, of its share, great means which it does not have, or at least that he does not deploy. The troops will arrive; I do not see any magazine being formed.

In the case where, as I take place to think it, the crews of Sampigny would not arrive to us as promptly as it is desirable, write me if your intention would be that I passed from the treaties partial for the execution of the service, or if I must stop with the way of the requisitions, always annoying, and who produces a bad service.

In the event of affirmative for the proposal that I address to you, it would be necessary, citizen Minister, some cash in hand.

I warn you to have ordered the evacuation of all the hospitals of the line on the positions behind and in particular on Lyon and Mâcon.

Salute and respect.

DUBRETON

I (129) does not speak to you, citizen Minister, of the service which occupies me more in this moment and which suffers more: I want to say that of the stages. All the agents, so to speak, gave up of it the direction the defect of payment, the excessive heightening of the prices of the food products, put out of state (to do it no service; you must with this part of the administration of prompt helps.

Dubreton, director as a commander of the Army of the Reserve with General Berthier, Minister for the war.

Dijon, 7 germinal year 8 (March 28, 1800).

The various sections of the service of the food are organized everywhere, citizen Minister, as well as it is possible. I refer so that I said to you on fodder. We will miss the straw more than anything else; one will not have to think of employing some for the bed and the camping.

One writes me of Sampigny that, of continuation, one could send three brigades of caissons to me, if there were horses to remove them and funds to support the service. The credit of the workmen and the suppliers was so considerable, that the first twenty thousand francs paid were at once absorbed.

It is an essential service for which I then nothing to make, because the supplier is in desperate straits, and that I do not have a ground, you know it, to come to his help: I want to speak about the heating; however, time presses, the troops arrive 9th. I will see whether, on my credit, I could find something on the position….

DUBRETON

Remained to ensure transport and a special provisioning Geneva, the indications of the letter of the First Consul on March 1 (130).

The Minister for the war in citizen Boinod, inspector with the reviews.

Paris, 17th ventôse year 8 (March 8, 1800).

You will go at once to Bourg, department of Ain; you will raise there a crew of two thousand furnished pack mules and will organize it in companies in accordance with the artillery train.

I put, to this end, at your disposal first funds of one hundred thousand francs and will make you pass the remainder of the sums necessary progressively with your needs.

You will see on the spot the best mode to be used to ensure this levy. That it is with rent, of requisition or by purchase, it must be complete 15th germinal. If the artillery train or crew of the food cannot provide the number of muleteers necessary, I authorize you to take them among the nonbuilt-in conscripts or réquisitionnaires.

You will compensate in the same way for the harness-makers and marshals whom the artillery will not be able to provide you, and you will choose among the officers and warrant officers of the train those which you will believe cleanest in this service; you will be also made assist of a veterinary surgeon.

You will herewith find letters for the general officers, the civil directors and civils servant who must assist you.

The First Consul takes the greatest interest in this levy, intended for an extraordinary service; propose to me all that you will consider useful for the exétion; I give you any confidence and any authority.

Salute

Alex. BERTHIER.

21st April, Boinod had only 900 mules instead of 2,000.

The Lambert director was in charge of the extraordinary provisioning of Geneva. He had joined together 21st April:

836,000 rations of biscuit instead of 1,500,000, 3,000 bags and 12,000 cases, instead of 20,000, to transport biscuit;

45,000 pints, of brandy instead of 100,000 and 1,500 barrels, 2,000 to carry brandy;

41,500 bushels of oats instead of 100,000, 666 oxen instead of 1,000 (131).

***

In short, ten demi-brigades of infantry, eight regiments of cavalry and almost all the artillery were joined together in the surroundings of Dijon 20th April, independently

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Dijon Union

of Chabran's division and Italian Legion organized on the spot; a demi-brigade was detached in Lyon.

The guard, five demi-brigades and two regiments of cavalry were to join at the end of April or at the beginning of May, as well as the second levels and the depots of the corps already arrived.

And Lauriston wrote of Dijon, 20th April: “The conscripts arrive in great quantity. ”

According to the situation of the 24th March (132), the troops marches from there towards Dijon rise with 43,419 infantrymen and 5,838 horsemen.

The situation of the 10th April, which does not mention Italian Legion, but which makes enter on line the first detachment of the Consular Guard, presents an almost identical total (43,000 infantrymen, 5,800 horsemen and 2, 000 artillerists).

The situation of the 16th April carries the troops arrivals to 27,000 infantrymen, 4,000 horsemen and 800 artillerists, that is to say approximately 32,000 men, while the awaited troops rise with 19,000 infantrymen and 2,000 horsemen.

Created 8th March, the Army of the Reserve was about made up a month and half later. , The ammunition, the provisioning it still missed the weapons, but already its future operations had been the subject of a thorough study.

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  1. The Memoires of Napoleon indicate, by error, January 7, 1800 like goes back to this decree.
  2. See page 47 the passage of the Memoires of Napoleon on this subject.
  3. According to the Memoires of Napoleon, this official designation of Dijon would have been made to mislead the spies of the foreign powers. This assertion is not easily reconcilable with the following letter, in which the First Consul recommends the secrecy to the Minister. It is especially in contradiction with the reality of the facts, since the army concentrated indeed in Dijon and the surroundings.
  4. Correspondence of Napoleon, no. 4651.
  5. March 6, the First Consul still writes with the Minister for the war;

    “I ask you to give me tomorrow at 10 a.m., citizen Minister, the names of the doctors as a commander, surgeons as a commander, pharmacists as a commander, agents as a commander of the food, bread and liquids, of the meats, agents as a commander of the hospitals of the Army of the Reserve. You will present to me also tomorrow, at 10 a.m., the commanders as a commander of the engineers and artillery, the director of the park, the director as a commander of this army. You will make also carry the notes on the officers of artillery and the engineers, which must be attachés with this army. It will be necessary that there is artillery a batallion of the same regiment, a company of workmen, on horse artillery a regiment, a batallion of sappers, a company of miners, and, following the engineers, topographical engineers and two civil engineers and two pontonniers. ”

  6. Thereafter, this of line order undergoes many modifications. Divisions changed several times of composition, were always indicated by the name of their General, and never by their number.
  7. For all the period of the Republic and Consulate, it signs Alex. Berthier; in 1805, Mal Berthier; from 1806 to 1815, Alexandre.
  8. This piece, from which all the concentration rises from the Army of the Reserve, was put on side by the commission which published the Correspondence of Napoleon, although it made appear a very great number of documents not emanating directly from the Emperor, but only written by his order.
  9. One also thought of using the quotas of the recently annexed countries. The Minister proposes, March the 3 and 4, of raising conscripts in the “joined together Departments, above Belgium”, as in the other departments, then in the departments of Roër, the Mount-Thunder, the Saar and the Rhine-and-Moselle. “There would be thus 50,000 of them; one could start by raising of them 12,000, four demi-brigades, framed by French officers knowing to speak German. ”
  10. The simultaneous call to form the Army of the Reserve, veterans and young people was undoubtedly the origin of the caricature which represented an invalid giving the hand to a child with the legend: Army of the Reserve of Bonaparte.
  11. April 5.
  12. By sending this proclamation to the Minister for the war, March 6, the First Consul wrote to him:

    ….

    While going into these details, you will put at it:

    1. Which they will form of the particular corps and which they will have of the particular officers; that, in any case, they will not be framed in the other corps;

    2. That, when the First Consul leaves the army, they will also return to France;

    3. That the extracts of enrôlement in corps of volunteer, given by the boards of directors, will be the best evidence of good citizenship than them and their families can provide;

    4. the state of what a citizen must have who would like to belong to a voluntary squadron: horse, clothing with hussar, saber, davit, harnessing with hussar, etc, etc

    He will be given to all the subsistence, and the pay with those which, by the state of their fortune, would need some.

    You will say that for those included in state 2, for which the prefects and generals could not get clothing and equipment in the country, it them will be provided by it in Dijon.

    You will order, for the hussars, a costume which is very beautiful.

    I greet you,

    BONAPARTE

    In the places where the sub-prefects would not be named yet, the citizens who will want to be registered will make it with the military Administrations. You will urge the generals to assist, as much as possible, the inscription of these citizens.

    I ask you to hold the secret proclamation.

    All soldiers which would have deserted inside, by reason of dissatisfaction unspecified and which will want to prove that they did not do it by cowardice, will have to declare, in the five days of the publication, with the prefects, their intention to join, and they will take their road for Dijon.

  13. Correspondence of Napoleon, Nos 4619 and 4650.
  14. Monitor of the 30th ventôse.
  15. Monitor of the 2nd floréal. – The C beginning this piece is in chapter IV.
  16. Monitor of the 11th germinal.
  17. Monitor of the 10th germinal.
  18. See with the appendices.
  19. Vignolle is in Dijon 17th March and returns account to the Minister 30th which it established a service of correspondence and “placed to this end, of four in four miles, posts on the principal ones and the shortest communications, three hussars, a sergeant or sergeant”. It used for that “the Cisalpine Hussars which are not in this moment in a position to make any other service”.
  20. Dupont was a director of the depot of the war.
  21. Macdonald was changed assignment.
  22. In white in the text. – In addition to Victor, the lieutenant generals were Duhesme, Lannes, and later Desaix, without speaking about Moncey, which rather commanded detached corps.

    Duhesme was named 19th April by a letter of Dupont gone back to Dijon and thus designed:

    “The general-in-chief me charge, citizen General, to warn you that it proposes to temporarily employ you like his lieutenant, while waiting for the confirmation of this rank, that it requested for you from the First Consul.

    “I hasten to deliver to you opinion of this mark of confidence, due to your military talents and your services.

    “Salute and Fraternity

    “DUPONT. ”

    (Archives of the major general count Duhesme.)

  23. Notifications of command are also addressed, April 4, with the major generals Loison and Boudet, the generals of brigade Herbin, Vaufreland, Sériziat, Béthencourt; they are written as it follows:

    “I warn you, citizen General, whom you are intended to be employed for the Army of the Reserve.

    “I invite you, consequently, to return to you most promptly possible to the headquarters to Dijon, to take there the orders of the general-in-chief. ”

    The same day, April 4, citizen Roy is named “general post orderly of the Army of the Reserve” and “citizen Faujas, above aide-de-camp of the Eblé General and captain of infantry”, is opinion that it must go “without delay in Dijon, to be employed in the survey office of the Army of the Reserve”.

  24. Between the decree of the 8th March, per which Bonaparte reserves the command of the Army of the Reserve, and the nomination of Berthier, April 2, took place the interview with the commander of Moreau staff, in question in the following chapter.

    As of 25th March, dispatch date of the instructions of the Government fear the Army of the Rhine, the First Consul completely gave up the idea of a junction in Switzerland of this army with that of reserve, junction which only enabled him to directly command the major part of the forces of the Republic.

    It is thus natural that it is regarded as invited to direct the movements of three distinct armies and that he assigns a commander with that of reserve as to both others, in order to preserve all its independence.

    In the Memoires of Napoleon, one reads, volume VI, page 196:

    “…. General Berthier, Minister for the war, left Paris, April 2, to command it (the Army of the Reserve); because the principles of the Constitution of year 8 did not make it possible the First Consul to take itself of it the command.

    “The consular magistrature being primarily civil, the principle of the division of the capacities and the responsibility for the ministers did not want that the first magistrate of the Republic immediately commands as a commander an army; but no provision, like any principle, was opposed so that it was present there.

    “In the fact, the First Consul commanded the Army of the Reserve, and Berthier, its general major, cut the title of general-in-chief. ”

    The articles of the Constitution referring to this question are thus written:

    “…. Art 41. The First Consul…. name and at will revokes the officers of ground and sea.

    ….

    “Art 47. The Government distributes the forces of ground and sea, and the direction regulates some….” (Monitor of the 25th frimaire year 8) [December 16, 1799].

    This text appears not easily reconcilable with the interpretation of Napoleon.

  25. Carnot (Lazare), born 13th May 1753, had been successively: lieutenant in second at the School of the engineers of Wall, January 1, 1771; ordinary engineer, lieutenant in first on January 1, 1773 (the rank of captain of infantry in 1783); deputy of Pas-de-Calais to the legislative Parliament in 1791, and national Convention in 1792; assistant of the Committe of Public Safety in 1793; govern national Convention in 1794; commander of batallion sub-manager of the engineers, 21st March 1795; member of the Council of Old and the executive Directory in 1795, and chair of this Directory in 1796; condemned to the deportation in 1797; authorized to return to France 24th December 1799; general inspector with the Reviews on February 7, 1800. He was knight of Saint-Louis since 1792, Démissionnaire 8th October 1800, he was member of the tribunat in 1802; a retirement pension of 10.000 francs like former Minister for the war in 1809 obtained; was given in activity in the rank of major general and named governor of Antwerp 25th January 1814; became Ministre for the interior, par of France and count of the Empire during the Hundred days, was exiled in 1816 and died in Magdeburg, August 2, 1823.

    Correspondence of Napoleon, no. 4704,

  26. Bourrienne claims, in its Memoires, divides into volumes 1V, p. 87 and 88, that the First Consul was not content with Berthier like minister, and that it laughs much by dictating this eulogistic letter. This version does not seem supported on any fact; one must notice, on the contrary, that Berthier became again Ministre for the war 8th October 1800, and preserved this post until 1807.
  27. General Saint-Remy, patient, were replaced by General Marmont, decree of the 15th April.
  28. Order of the 10th December 1799.
  29. The general-in-chief of the Army of the Orient had just reduced from 9 to 5 the number of the companies from each batallion present in Egypt. Of the 12 companies formed in France, under each demi-brigade, 4 were supposed to belong to each batallion, which reconstituted the number of 9 companies per batallion. (Considering this decree.)
  30. Letter of the Minister for the war with Moncey, commanding the 19th military division in Lyon, 31st January.
  31. Batallions of 18th, 32nd, 75th demi-brigades. – Colonel: Taupin.

    Batallions of 13th, 25th, 85e demi-brigades. – Colonel: Gaspard.

    Batallions of the 61st, 69th, 888 demi-brigades. – Colonel: Not indicated.

    Batallions of 4th, 21st, 22nd light demi-brigades. – Colonel: Not indicated.

    Later, March 17, the incorporation of the batallion of the 2nd light one requires the unfolding of the light demi-brigade from which results the following grouping:

    Batallions of the 21st and 22nd light demi-brigades. – Colonel: Magny.

    Batallions of 2nd and 4th light demi-brigades. – Colonel: Chavardès citizen.

    The batallions of 9th and 19th demi-brigades of line were not embrigadés.

    The commander of squadron of 7th of hussars ((a)), Lecoq, was in charge of the training and the organization of the squadrons of depot of the Army of the Orient.

  32. (L) Chabran (Joseph), born 21st June 1763, captain with the 5th batallion of the Rhone delta on 4 August 1792, assistant provisional with the Staff of the Army of Italy 12th May 1793, adjutant general commander of batallion 25th February 1794, adjutant general colonel 13th June 1795, brigadier general 23rd May 1797, major general 23rd June 1799. Later, it commanded territorial divisions, made the war of Spain, was put on leave for health reasons in 1810 and pensioner in 1813.
  33. This order of the 14th February is former three weeks to the decree which creates the Army of the Reserve.
  34. Appendix no. 2. – Of the total of 5,854 related to the table, it is necessary, indeed, to decrease the batallions not yet arrived in the area of the Saone.
  35. 10th March, the First Consul had already given orders to the Minister.

    “…. The batallions of the Army of the Orient which are in Chalon and Dijon need muskets, clothes, shoes, etc a great number of officers which were incorporated there, coming from the batallions of volunteer, are out of age to be useful.

    “Give the orders so that all those which would be in this case have their retirement and so that the muskets promptly are sent. One would need of them 5 to 6,000.

    “It misses a thousand of horses to assemble the seven squadrons of the Army of the Orient. Give the orders so that it them is gotten by it, as well as harnessings.

    “On the funds intended for the Army of the Reserve, make give 1000 francs at the disposal of the Boards of directors by each squadron, and 500 franca by each of the fourteen batallions.

    “Take in Paris, on the clothings intended for the Army of the Rhine and in that of Italy, of the clothes for these fourteen batallions; it would be necessary about 3,000 of them for them. ”

  36. The strength of Chabran's division in April is given by the situations of the 10, April 16 and 25; to see appendices no. 7 and following.
  37. The 18th military division, whose siege was in Dijon, comprehended the Paddle, Haute-Marne, Yonne, Côte-d'Or and Saone-et-Loire.
  38. March 20 to the 20th April.
  39. 15th March, an order of the Minister grouped in Bourg, in the Italian Legion, “all the detachments of the troops Cisalpines, Romans, Piedmontese, Tuscan and Neapolitan”.
  40. “The General of Monnier's division will take the command of the Italian legions; he will at once take all the measures for their organization and their instruction.

    “BONAPARTE. ”

    (The First Consul with the Minister of the war, 21 ventôse) [March 12].

  41. Berthier with Dupont, 24th April.
  42. It is here only about the infantry, because the 1st regiment of Cisalpine Hussars had been excluded of “incorporation in the Italian Legion”, considering “the services which he had rendered in the last campaigns of Italy”, and, being given its “absolute destitution of clothing, equipment, armament and horses”; it had been sent in Auxerre in the current of March. (Report with the Minister, March 25.)

    Some hussars had been kept to ensure the correspondence between the various cantonments of the Army of the Reserve. Dupont wrote with the Minister 21st April:

    “It was essential to establish posts of correspondence for that of the headquarters of the army with its principal cantonments. One placed there an about sixty Cisalpine Hussars which, for the moment, were not specific to any other service. But, when the horses of goes up intended for this regiment are returned to Auxerre, these sixty hussars will go there to meet in their corps, which are there in this moment.

    “Salute and respect,

    “DUPONT. ”

  43. According to a situation of the 5th April, the Italian Legion comprehended:

    General staff: 9 officers;

    Infantry, (6 batallions): 264 officers, and 2,624 warrant officers and legionnaires;

    Chasseurs à cheval (2 squadrons): 25 officers, and 346 warrant officers and legionnaires;

    Artillery (1 company) 5 officers, and 72 warrant officers and legionnaires;

    Depot of the three weapons: 555 officers and 187 warrant officers.

    On the whole: 4,087 present, including 858 officers.

    With 420 absent, the strength reached 4,507 men.

  44. Gap in the text.
  45. The Minister ordered to direct on Bourg seven Adriatic detachments, cisalpins, Piedmontese or lucquois, in all 309 men, and sent from Versailles in Auxerre 300 Cisalpine Hussars. (May 9. The Minister with Vignolle, assistant manager of the general staff in Dijon.)
  46. Correspondence of Napoleon, no. 4752.
  47. 15th May, the First Consul wrote of Lausanne to the Minister:

    “The general depot of the Italians is in Bourg-in-Bresse. If there are no horses to assemble them, they will be it in Italy. ”

  48. See also the strength related to the situations of March 24, 10, April 16, 25, etc – Annexes no. 6 and following.
  49. Appendix no. 3 gives the summary of the concentration of these troops.
  50. The announced review took place over Field-of-March. The Monitor gave of it an account in pompeux terms in its number of the 26th ventôse (March 17).

    Today, 25 ventôse, the First Consul reviewed all the troops which were in Paris. For a long time a so beautiful spectacle,…. Fifteen to eighteen thousand men various weapons, in the best held, were laid out with order…. Bonaparte arrived on horse, surrounded expensive generals with the fame, etc, etc

  51. After the review, the 3rd column (cavalry) which was to leave Paris 23rd March (2 germinal), accepted counter-order;

    15th chasseurs 26th left;

    18th of too weak cavalry “to be able to hope for that it makes campaign before messidor” was sent in Rouen to reorganize;

    1st of cavalry and 7th of dragoons were indicated “to make the service of the position of Paris”;

    5th of cavalry and 5th of dragoons joined only later the Army of the Reserve.

  52. Chambarlhac (Vital-Jean-Jacques), born 10th August 1754, soldier with the regiment of Auvergne on May 1, 1769, corporal on July 1, 1769, sergeant 12th October 1769, second lieutenant 26th March 1770 until January 31, 1776, commander of batallion of Haute-Loire 21st June 1792, commander of batallion of grenadiers of the army of the Alps on May 1, 1793, commander of the 177th demi-brigade. become 75th, 28th May 1794, brigadier general on December 6, 1796.

    It became major general 27th August 1803, was retired on August 1, 1815, and died on February 5, 1826.

  53. According to the “indicative table of the corps marches “the stages from there were March 17, Corbeil; March 18, Melon; March 19, Montereau; March 20, Feel; March 21, stay; March 22, Joigny; March 23, Auxerre; March 24, Vermenton; March 25, Avallon; March 26, stay; March 27, Semur; March 28, Vitteaux; March 29, Sombernon and bridge of Passy; March 30, Dijon.

    The average of the stages was of 26 kil. 1/2, longest reaching 35 kilometers, shortest being only of 18.

  54. The Captain Coignet, which was then grenadier with the 96th, tells in its and books “(p. 81), which division camped “all along the road”, “cut the poplars” and was made call “brigands of Chambarlhac”.

    “This life, says it, lasted to Dijon where one placed us at the middle-class man. ”

    One quickly recognized the disadvantages of this process of parking, and, April 6, the First Consul prescribed to avoid the bivouac for the corps of the 7th division.

    29th March, the Minister sends a Commissioner of War to note on the spot the damage made by Chambarlhac's division and to make compensate the owners by a reserve on the pay for the guilty troops.

  55. If this loss as deserters is brought closer, that the Chambarlhac General finds “weak”, of the strength at the time of the departure, one sees that in ten days of road it is however 3,7 percent for the whole of division and that it reaches 7 percent for the 43rd of line.
  56. Appendix no. 5 of the 15th gives the situation March and the detail of the strength for the 24th light according to the last review 16th March.

    Appendices Nos 6 and 7 give the on strength March 24 and April 10.

  57. Vignolle (Martin), born 18th March 1763, voluntary with the regiment of Barrois-Infantry 12th March 1779, junior in this regiment 18th June 1780, second lieutenant 10th July 1784, lieutenant 15th September 1791, captain 22nd May 1792, assistant provisional with the staff of the Army of Italy 24th June 1793, named adjutant general commander of batallion by the representatives of the people close this army 25th February 1794, adjutant general colonel 18th December 1794, confirmed in this rank 13th June 1795, brigadier general 15th August 1796.

    It became minister for the administration of the war 12th April 1803, major general 27th August 1803, was retired on August 1, 1815, and died in Paris 14th November 1824, having five wounds of which one received in Wagram had made him lose the right eye.

  58. The 24th light accepted in Is-sur-Tille 400 conscripts, which carried its strength to 2,824 men.
  59. Order of the First Consul, March 12.
  60. The First Consul with the Minister, April 14. – 14th again was indicated for the Army of the Reserve by order of the First Consul of the 5th May, but it did not take share in the campaign.
  61. The First Consul with the Minister, April 14, and proclamation of the 21st April.
  62. .Le Minister for the war with Berthier, April 15.
  63. The First Consul with the Minister, March 22.
  64. Stages: Lambesc, Orgon and Senas, Avignon, Orange, Saint-Paul, Montélimar (stay), Livron, Valence, Saint-Vallier, Toll, Vienna (stay), Lyon, Maximieux, Bourg, Romenay (stay), Chalon, Beaune, Dijon.
  65. Vignolle with the Minister, April 16.
  66. The First Consul with Berthier, April 26.
  67. Journal of march of the 17th light.
  68. This batallion left Arras 16th March and made stage with Cambrai, Saint-Quentin, Fère, Laon, Craonne, Rheims, Small-Cabins, Châlons, Vitry, Saint-Dizier, Joinville, Vignory, Chaumont, Langres, Pranthei, Thil-Chatel. It made one stay on 17 stages and was to arrive to Dijon on April 2 (Raised of the movements of the troops, national Archives, A.F., IV, 1102). It accepted the order on April 1 to change its last stage, and, instead of coming to Dijon, it went to confine in Mirebeau. (Register of orders of Vignolle. )
  69. These two batallions arrived to Paris the 13, 14, 15, March 16 and 18; a Commissioner of War passed the review of arrival 19th March and noted from there the strength of 61 officers and 1544 warrant officers and soldiers, including 258 absent.
  70. A decree of the Directory of the 15th June 1799 had created, by demi-brigade, a depot which commanded by the captain of clothing and composed of a lieutenant, a sergeant, a corporal-furrier, four corporals and a certain number of workmen. The depot was charged to receive and equip the recruits. (BELHOMME. – History of the infantry in France. Review of infantry, 2nd center. 1896, p. 182.)
  71. In this letter of the Minister with General Berthier, not more than in one with General Vignolle, it is not question of the arrival of the six artillery pieces.
  72. See the strength on the situations of March the 15 and 24, 10, April 16 and 25, with appendices no. 5 and following.
  73. The 9th light came, left the Army of the West, part of the Army of the Rhine. (V. p. 77.)
  74. These regiments were in garrison: 8th and 9th of dragoons in Paris, the 11th of hussars with Saint-Germain, and the 12th of hussars in Caen and Paris. (Location of the regiments of horsemen during the month of pluviôse, year 8 [January 21 - February 20, 1800].)
  75. Order of the First Consul, March 16.
  76. 17th March, the First Consul ordered with the Minister to suspend until March 26 “the departure of the 200 men of 15th of chasseurs. ”
  77. These figures differ slightly from those carried to the “Statement of the troop movements per decade”, piece established with the Ministry, on which one reads: 8th dragoons, 600 men; 9th dragoons, 200 men; 11th hussars, 240 men; 12th hussars, 350 men; 15th chasseurs, 200 men; artillery, 67 men.
  78. Order of the Minister, March 17.
  79. Duroc, aide-de-camp, with the Minister, March 12.
  80. The route was, according to a “indicative Table of the corps moving” Paris, Brie, Nangis and Rampillon, Provins, the Nogent-on-Seine (stay), Méry, Troyes, Vendoeuvre, Bar-on-Paddle (stay), Chaumont, Langres.

    In Langres, the road forked and went in Champlitte, Gray (stay), Pesmes, Dôle, Seurre, and, in addition, in Pranthoi, Thil-Châtel (stay), Dijon, Auxonne, Seurre, Verdun.

    The stages, varying from 19 to 40 kilometers, had an average length of 26 kilometers.

  81. Statement of the movements of the troops per decade, national Archives, A.F., IV. 1102.
  82. 9th of dragoons did not remain in Seurre; before the end of April it was with Saint-Jean-of-Losne.
  83. Detachments of 8th of dragoons and 11th of hussars had accompanied Chambarlhac's division. They remained in Dijon of the 30th March to the 26th April, left 27th and joined there their corps with Seurre and Dôle. (Register of orders of Dupont, April 26.)
  84. The First Consul with the Minister, March 20. – One missed also horses. A law of the 4th vendémiaire, year 8 (September 26, 1799), had ordered, the levy of 40,000 horses, but it gave so insufficient results that the Minister was constrained to pass from the markets with contractors to provide horses to the Consular Guard and the regiments of cavalry of the surroundings of Paris (the 17th division).
  85. 2nd of cavalry was in garrison, in January and February 1800, in Dieppe, Rouen and Amiens. The starting order is of the 8th April.
  86. The Minister with Berthier, April 9.
  87. The First Consul with the Minister, April 22.
  88. The First Consul with the Minister, April 26. 5th of cavalry was in garrison with Mantes.
  89. See the strength on the situations of March the 15 and 24, 10, April 16 and 25, with appendices no. 5 and following.
  90. The Minister with the Meynier General, commanding the 18th military division.
  91. 7th of chasseurs did not remain with the Army of the Reserve; it was considered it unable to make campaign and was sent to Bréda. (The Minister with Berthier, May 3.)
  92. Order of the First Consul, April 8. – Marquis de Law de Lauriston (Jacques-Alexandre-Bernard), born on February 1, 1868, was artillery pupil on September 1, 1784, lieutenant on September 1, 1785, captain 22nd August 1791, colonel of the 4th on horse artillery regiment on February 7, 1795, resigner on 4 April 1796, given in activity on March 5, 1800.

    11 became brigadier general 13th September 1802, major general on February 1, 1805, was an ambassador in Russia in 1811, and aide-de-camp of the Emperor in 1812. The Restoration did it Ministre for the house of the King, large huntsman of France and Ministre of State. It died 11th June 1828.

  93. The assembled grenadiers are of on horse guard in guérites, which excites public curiosity particularly. (Directory secondary road of Côte-d'Or, by Joseph GARNIER, p. 416.)
  94. The departure took place indeed 14th April. (Letter of advice of the Minister with Berthier on this date.)
  95. 16th April, a decree of the Consuls named whom command major general Lannes the “and inspector of the Consular Guard”.
  96. Orders of the First Consul to the Minister and General Lannes, April 26. Written the Bonaparte day before:

    “I request from you, citizen Minister, to make deliver depot of Versailles, 100 horses of chasseurs, 30 of grenadiers, for the Consular Guard.

    “I also ask you to make deliver depot of Versailles, 200 horses for artillery of the guard, without however harming the various sendings which must be made for artillery of the Army of the Reserve.

    “I greet you,

    “BONAPARTE. ”

  97. Appendix no. 4 gives the summary of the concentration of these troops.
  98. General Brune had the siege of its command in Rennes.
  99. Read: 21st. 2nd. chasseurs was in garrison in Rennes, and the 21st with Vannes. (Statement of the troop movements per decade.)
  100. Brune gave the command of the column on the basis of Rennes to the Collin adjutant general whom it proposed for brigadier general, and which was assisted by the Mériage adjutant general. The column on the basis of Nantes and Tours was put under the orders of General Gency and the Dalton adjutant general. (The Minister with the First Consul, March 13.)
  101. Correspondence of Napoleon, no. 4631.
  102. Those of Tours by Amboise, Blois, Beaugency; those of Rennes by Glazed, Laval, Meslay, Sanded, the Arrow, Lude, Fortification-of-Dormouse, Montoire, Vendôme, Marchenoir, Beaugency.
  103. According to the “Statement of the troop movements per decade”, the column coming from Tours comprehended the 6th light, 2,400 men; the 40th of line, 2,100 men; the 58th 2,900 men; 2nd of assembled chasseurs, 593 men. The same document gives the following figures for the column of Rennes: 22nd of line, 2,600 men; 60th 2,200 men; 21st of chasseurs, 820 men assembled; 6 pieces and 3 caissons, 60 men. – The situations, from that of the 15th March, show the successive modifications of this strength; to see with appendices no. 5 and following.
  104. Stages varying from 22 to 40 kilometers for 2nd and the 3rd division. Average of the stages 28 kilometers; stay, one day out of five or six.
  105. The dates were deduced roughly from the letter of the 29th March of the Mériage adjutant general and the indicative table of the corps moving which give the spreading out of the various demi-brigades coming from Tours and Rennes.

    The date of arrival of the 22nd with Chanceaux, is known in an unquestionable way by an order of General Vignolle of the 11th April, which directs this demi-brigade the shortly after Vitteaux on Chanceaux.

  106. It is useful of it is of which spirit were animated the troops; the merit of those which led them to the victory is only larger. The facts told in this letter can have been besides only of the exceptions.
  107. The order of the Minister of the 8th March, to see p. 39, had fixed the composition of the first 6 divisions.
  108. According to the “Statement of the troop movements per decade”, the strength of these corps is: 13th light, 2,600 men; 70th of line, 2,400 men; 20th of the cavalry, 340 men assembled. – The 19th light, which leaves a little later has 1620 men.
  109. 20th from cavalry passes to Dijon 28th April and goes 30th to Seurre. (Register of orders of Dupont, April 28.) 11 stations in this point until May 5.
  110. It is ordered, in accordance with the intentions of the First Consul, the 1st batallion of the 72nd demi-brigade coming from Caen, to go to the Army of the Reserve, to activate its march in the most pressing way, not to make any stay to Dijon and to even shorten the time of its road by making two days of stage in only one day all the times that the commander of this troop will consider it possible.

    In this last case, this batallion will be treated as if it had made two indeed days of march and the subsistence will be to him délivréès with its passage in the place of military housing where it will have had to stop in accordance with its order of road. The commander of this batallion will show me at once the reception of this order and will hold me exactly informed of its march and its arrival with its destination.

    Even order with 2nd and 3rd batallions.

    Even order with the 70th demi-brigade coming from Tours.

    Even order with 1st, 2nd and 3rd batallions of the 19th demi-brigade of light infantry coming from Tours to go to Langres.

    Even order with 1st and the 3rd batallions of the 13th light coming from Tours to go to the Army of the Reserve. CARNOT.

  111. The Minister with Vignolle, April 19.
  112. Delaage, adjutant general, with the Minister.
  113. Gardanne (Gaspard-Amédée), born 24th April 1758, lieutenant in the gunners coastguard on March 1, 1779, 2nd in command of the 1st batallion of the Var 16th September 1791, commanding of this batallion 31st November 1792, adjutant general provisional colonel 13th September 1793, confirmed in this rank 12th April 1794, major general on January 5, 1800.

    Captive fact in 1799, it had been just exchanged against the Mack General.

    It died of disease with Breslau, 14th August 1807.

  114. Monnier (Jean-Charles), born 22nd March 1758, second lieutenant to the 70 regiment of infantry on July 1, 1792, assistant of the adjutant generals of the army of the interior 30th October 1792, adjutant general commander of batallion provisional 9th July 1793, confirmed in this rank on December 6, 1794, adjutant general colonel 10th February 1795, brigadier general 23rd May 1797, major general on March 6, 1800.

    It was allowed with the treatment of reform 13th September 1802, and retired 22nd February 1815.

    He became count under the Restoration and died 30th January 1816.

  115. The First Consul with the Minister, March 22.
  116. Couvreu manuscript. Vevey, April 16.
  117. The First Consul with General Brune, March 20.
  118. Register of orders of Dupont.
  119. They had 1319 men with their departure, according to the “Statement of the troop movements per decade”.
  120. April 25, letter of the “municipal administrators of Poligny making functions of mayor to that the place”.
  121. Lauriston with the First Consul, April 22, and Marmont with the First Consul, April 24.
  122. The gauge of the guns indicated the weight of the ball expressed in books: 12 pounds, 8 books, 4 books. That of the howitzer, the diameter of the heart: howitzer of 6 inches (165 millimetres).

    The attachments were of 6 horses for the piece of 12, of 4 horses normally for: other transports.

    The used projectiles were: for the gun, the full ball and limps it out of tinplate containing of the balls, and for the howitzer, the shell, hollow projectile with wick and the ball box.

    The rise of the howitzers was graduated up to 600 meters only. The guns had two kinds of shooting: the travelling ball shooting used starting from approximately 1000 meters; the shooting with grapeshot employed in on this side 600 to 800 meters, and whose effectiveness grew with the reduction in the distance.

  123. The musket of infantry was model 1777; its gauge was of 17mm, 5; its weight, without bayonet, of 4 kil. 650.

    The ball weighed 24 gr. 5; the powder charge of 12 gr. 2.

    The effective range was 135 meters; the extreme range of 974 meters; but, starting from 234 meters, all the rounds were dubious.

    This musket, slightly modified in 1800, was called musket corrected model 1777, and armed all the troops of French origin during the wars of the first Empire.

  124. Duroc with the Minister, 21st ventôse (March 12).
  125. Other caissons leave Paris later, in particular the 15, April 26 and 30. (Report of Clarke of the 27th April, chap. V.)
  126. Dubreton (Jacques-Paul-All Saints' day), born 25th May 1758, made with the liquidation of the Company of the Indies the ler January 1776, admitted in this quality at the offices of the war 13th December 1778, assistant manager of office on December 1, 1791, directing commissioner 25th November 1792, director as a commander on March 6, 1793.

    It took part in all the campaigns of 1792 to 1806 and was retired, 8th August 1814.

  127. The average price of the rations of bread rations delivered to the Army of the Reserve during the quarter germinal, floréal, prairial (March 22 to the 19th June), including the expenses of purchase, transport and handling, was 21 hundred. 42 (national Archives, A.F., IV, 1380). The ration was 750 grams.
  128. The meat ration was of half-delivers. (The First Consul with Fixed price, March 12, 1800. – Corr. of Napoleon, no. 4663.)
  129. Hand of Dubreton.
  130. See this letter in chapter 3, p. 91.
  131. See its correspondence and the detail of its operations in chapter 12.
  132. Situation of March the 15 and 24, April 10 and 16, to see appendices Nos 5, 6, 7 and 8.

Library Reference Information

Type of Material: Text (Book, Microform, Electronic, etc.)
Personal Name: Cugnac, Gaspar Jean Marie René de, 1861-
Main Title: Campagne de l'armée de réserve en 1800 ...
par le captaine de Cugnac ...
Published/Created: Paris, R. Chapelot et ce., 1900-1901.
Description: 2 v. 21 maps (partly fold.) 14 facsim. (partly fold. 25 cm.
Contents: t. 1. Passage du Grand-Saint-Bernard.--t. 2. Marengo.
Subjects: Napoleonic Wars, 1800-1815--Campaigns--Italy.
France--History--Consulate and Empire, 1799-1815.
LC Classification: DC223.7 .C96